Islam — The New World Order
by K.S. Mian Rahim Bakhsh
The Light & Islamic Review (US), January/February 1992 Issue (Vol. 69, No. 1, pp. 10–11)
Editor’s Note: This article was recently sent to us by the author. Mr Rahim Bakhsh is a nephew of our late leader the Maulana Muhammad Ali, and has written several booklets [in English and Urdu] on Islam and the Ahmadiyya Movement.
Ever since man set foot on this earth to rehabilitate himself in this world amicably and peacefully, he has been beset with social disorder emanating from various factors of influence such as personal relationship, social behaviour, national and regional affiliation, patriotism, which limit the scope of the universal social order to a country or community, so that the rights and privileges enjoyed by a particular country or community are not equally applicable to alien countries termed as foreign. Hence equality of status of mankind on the whole suffers at the cost of factional controversies which ultimately lead to skirmishes and struggle among the different countries and communities to the detriment of peace and amity among them. Unless, therefore, this sense of special privilege and superiority complex is completely eradicated from the mental makeup, the attainment of peace will remain elusory, and peace will suffer at the altar of national pride and prejudice. In the present age, the West has attained a dominant position, and communal prejudices have led and are leading to inhuman treatment of mankind among themselves. It is only an ultra-human power which can control man by imposing a peaceful solution of this vexed problem.
The Message from on High:
In this context, a message from on High was received fourteen hundred years ago. The following quotation from the Quran elucidates this:
اَلۡیَوۡمَ اَکۡمَلۡتُ لَکُمۡ دِیۡنَکُمۡ وَ اَتۡمَمۡتُ عَلَیۡکُمۡ نِعۡمَتِیۡ وَ رَضِیۡتُ لَکُمُ الۡاِسۡلَامَ دِیۡنًا ؕ
“This day have I perfected for you your religion and completed My favour to you and chosen for you Islam as a religion (of peace)” (The Holy Quran, 5:3).
It may be noted that the root word of Islam, namely salama, conveys in its literal meaning the significance of peace. The message was delivered on the occasion of the last Pilgrimage of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (may peace and the blessings of Allah be upon him) in the year 10 Hijra. Mounted on a camel, with a vast congregation assembled all around him on the peak of Mina, mount Arafat, the sermon was delivered by the Holy Prophet so as to reach the whole world, beyond the confines of Arabia. It ran thus:
“O people lend an attentive ear to my words. Do you know what day it is today? This is the yaum an-nahar the sacred day of sacrifice. Do you know which month is this? This is the sacred month. Do you know what place is this? This is the sacred town. So, I apprise you that your lives, your properties and your honour must be as sacred to one another as this sacred day in this sacred month in this sacred town. Let those present take this message to those absent (in the world beyond). You are about to meet your Lord Who will call you to account for your deeds.
“O people! this day Satan has despaired of re-establishing his power in this land of yours. But should you obey him even in what may seem to you trifling, it will be a matter of pleasure for him. So, you must beware of him in the matter of your faith.
“Then, O my people, you have certain rights over your wives, and so have your wives over you. … They are the trust of God in your hands, so you must treat them with all kindness. … And as regards your slaves, see that you give them to eat of what you yourselves eat, and clothe them with what you clothe yourselves with.
“O people! listen to what I say and take it to heart. You must know that every Muslim is a brother of another Muslim. You are all equal. You are members of one common brotherhood. It is forbidden for any of you to take from your brother save what the latter should willingly give. Do not tyrannise over your people.”
Then the Holy Prophet raised his voice to the top, saying:
“O Lord I have delivered Thy message”,
and the valley resounded with the reply from the myriads of human throats with one accord:
“Aye, that thou hast”.
No doubt the message so delivered was sublime, but the zeal with which it was delivered was no less. Here is the sermon on the mount; here is, as it were, humanity’s covenant and charter of human equality and brotherhood for peace on earth, declared by God with the advent of Islam.
The Unity and Equality of Mankind:
The cardinal and fundamental principles of Islam constitute faith in the Unity of God Who is the creator of all mankind, regardless of their national origin, whether east or west, north or south. The Holy Quran says:
کَانَ النَّاسُ اُمَّۃً وَّاحِدَۃً ۟ فَبَعَثَ اللّٰہُ النَّبِیّٖنَ مُبَشِّرِیۡنَ وَ مُنۡذِرِیۡنَ ۪ وَ اَنۡزَلَ مَعَہُمُ الۡکِتٰبَ بِالۡحَقِّ لِیَحۡکُمَ بَیۡنَ النَّاسِ فِیۡمَا اخۡتَلَفُوۡا فِیۡہِ ؕ
“Mankind is a single nation, so Allah raised prophets as bearers of good news (of unity) and as warners (against dissension and discord), and He revealed with them the Book with truth that it might judge between people concerning that in which they created differences (of inequality)” (The Holy Quran, 2:213).
Thus, the dissensions arising out of inequity are man’s own creation which bring about discord and enmity among themselves. This edict from on High effaces all norms of inequality among the nations of the world, and places them on terms of equality and justice among themselves. It does away with all kinds of prerogatives and national privileges, and places man on an equitable basis.
The other unifying factor which contributes to equality among mankind is the adoption of the same code of ethics and conduct as ordained by God. Referring to the verse quoted above, if all people adopted the same code of conduct and behaviour as laid down under a divine ordinance, it will engender an equitable and just relationship which will naturally lead to peace and stability on earth, and erase all sense of racial and national pride.
Another essential factor which will contribute to peace and equality among mankind is to follow the example of a divinely-guided personality. The Holy Quran says:
لَقَدۡ کَانَ لَکُمۡ فِیۡ رَسُوۡلِ اللّٰہِ اُسۡوَۃٌ حَسَنَۃٌ لِّمَنۡ کَانَ یَرۡجُوا اللّٰہَ وَ الۡیَوۡمَ الۡاٰخِرَ وَ ذَکَرَ اللّٰہَ کَثِیۡرًا ﴿ؕ۲۱﴾
“Certainly you have in the messenger of Allah an excellent example for him who hopes in Allah and the last day, and remembers Allah much” (The Holy Quran, 33:21).
The economic system prescribed by Islam offers a satisfactory solution, in fact the only solution, of the problem. It is neither capitalistic nor communistic. The world has for long adopted the capitalistic system, but as it proved unsatisfactory the socialist system came into vogue in some countries, but that has also failed in its objective. The world is still in search of a suitable solution of the problem. Here Islam has provided an adequate solution. In Islam there is no bar or restriction in earning or the possession of wealth and property, but at a certain stage it lays down voluntary contributions towards the public exchequer to be utilized for public wealth, which also tends to equate the public economy, and helps levelling it in a healthy manner. At the same time, it does not deprive one of earning or possession of wealth and property. In fact, it is a via media between capitalism and socialism.
Islam advocates faith in one God to instil the sense of universality and equality of mankind. It asserts that the whole of mankind is the creation of a Single Being, and so the law of creation is universal and man stands responsible to a Single Being, Who is the Creator of the universe to Whom he stands accountable, and the responsibility for accountability is not shared with anyone else except to his sole Creator, and thus the law for his obeisance is universal. Hence the ordinance promulgated through revelation from on High is universal, and only its observance can lead to salvation of mankind.
The ordinance laying down the precepts of Islam has been so succinctly stated in the very beginning of the Quran:
ذٰلِکَ الۡکِتٰبُ لَا رَیۡبَ ۚۖۛ فِیۡہِ ۚۛ ہُدًی لِّلۡمُتَّقِیۡنَ ۙ﴿۲﴾ الَّذِیۡنَ یُؤۡمِنُوۡنَ بِالۡغَیۡبِ وَ یُقِیۡمُوۡنَ الصَّلٰوۃَ وَ مِمَّا رَزَقۡنٰہُمۡ یُنۡفِقُوۡنَ ۙ﴿۳﴾ وَ الَّذِیۡنَ یُؤۡمِنُوۡنَ بِمَاۤ اُنۡزِلَ اِلَیۡکَ وَ مَاۤ اُنۡزِلَ مِنۡ قَبۡلِکَ ۚ وَ بِالۡاٰخِرَۃِ ہُمۡ یُوۡقِنُوۡنَ ؕ﴿۴﴾ اُولٰٓئِکَ عَلٰی ہُدًی مِّنۡ رَّبِّہِمۡ ٭ وَ اُولٰٓئِکَ ہُمُ الۡمُفۡلِحُوۡنَ ﴿۵﴾
“This is the Book, which is undoubtedly a guide to those who seek salvation, namely, those who believe in the Unity of God, offer prayers (for guidance), and contribute for the good of mankind, and those who believe in that which has been revealed to you and that which was revealed before, and believe in the Hereafter consequences of their actions; these are in the right course, and these are the successful ones (in life)” (The Holy Quran, 2:2–5).
Thus, uniformity in life’s outlook entails a common cause of equality among mankind which ultimately results in a sense of equity and fairness among the various sections of mankind. Hence Islamic teachings are the best means of unity and equality of mankind, which is the desideratum so essentially needed for mankind. Islam, therefore, stands unique as a religion for unity, justice and equity of mankind.