Hazrat Maulana Nur-ud-Din’s Answers to Five Questions

Translated by Dr. Zahid Aziz

The Light (UK), July 2005 Issue (p. 5)

Note: In the Ahmadiyya community newspaper Badr, 17 April 1913, a letter by the Head of the Movement Maulana Nur-ud-Din is published containing answers to five questions asked by an enquirer. The letter is preceded by the list of questions. The translation is given below.


  1. What is your belief about God, the Messenger of Islam and the Holy Quran?
  2. What is your view about the poems chanted in eulogy of the Companions of the Holy Prophet?
  3. What are the particular and fundamental beliefs of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian? In what sense did he claim to be Promised Messiah and Mahdi of the Age?
  4. What is the difference between your beliefs and the beliefs of other sects of Islam, in particular the ahl-i Sunna?
  5. In the present circumstances what course of action should the Muslims follow?


1. (a) I believe Allah the Most High to be Rabb-ul-alamin, ar-Rahman, ar-Rahim, Malik-i yaum-id-din and the Creator and Master of the whole world. I have no hesitation, qualms or uncertainty in holding this belief. He is the Creator and the whole universe is His creation.

(b) Regarding the Holy Quran, my conviction is that it is the word of Allah the Most High. We possess it in a protected, unchanged, unaltered, compiled form.

(c) Muhammad Rasul-ullah, may peace and the blessings of Allah be upon him, is the Khatam-un-Nabiyyin and the Messenger of the Lord of the worlds. By following him, a person can become loved by Allah the Most High.

2. The ranks of the Holy Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, depend on the love they had for Allah the Most High. Only Allah has knowledge of it, no one else. Ponder over this.

In the organizational system of Islam, Abu Bakr holds the first place, may Allah be pleased with him, after that is Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, then Uthman, may Allah be pleased with him, then Ali, may Allah be pleased with him. But far beyond, and more subtle than, their position in the organizational system are their pure relations with Allah, and those relations are above human comprehension. If, on the one hand, the honoured Abu Bakr defeated the disorder and established peace and gave his young daughter in marriage to the Holy Prophet for his comfort, on the other hand the works of the Muslim saints done through following the honoured Ali are not few and are acknowledged.

3. The fundamental and particular beliefs of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad sahib are those which are found in the Holy Quran and authentic Hadith reports. Mirza sahib had that same Quran which exists in a protected form, and among books of Hadith he gave preference to Bukhari over other books. It is in these two books that the principles of Islam are to be found.

It is surprising that Mirza sahib wrote 85 books but you have not studied them to find out in what sense he claimed to be Messiah and Mahdi. In brief, Mirza sahib himself wrote:

“As I have been given light for the Christian nations, this is the reason why I was given the name ‘son of Mary’.”

It is in this sense that Allah, His angels and His Prophet have called him ‘Messiah’. In combating the external threats to Islam, he was Messiah, and in removing the internal dissensions he acted as the Mahdi. For the Aryas he was Krishna.

4. We consider ourselves to be ahl-i Sunna wal-Jamaat. The strongest evidence of this we have is that we have accepted the Quran and Sunna as our leader and guide, and we are a Jamaat following one Imam. Other people are neither under one Imam, nor do they follow an accepted Sunna, nor do they belong to a Jamaat. So how can they be ahl-i Sunna wal-Jamaat?

5. In the present circumstances, what Muslims should do is to refrain from mutual wrangling or at least to reduce it. They should reflect carefully on the tricks employed by the preachers and the mullas [clerics] who, for their own material gains, incite disagreements among people. They should avoid being concerned with differences in small matters and leave those disagreements which cause mutual fighting.

For example, the Shias need only give up verbal abuse and practices of shirk like idol-worship. Their adversaries, the Khawarij, should cease making scurrilous attacks on the family of the Holy Prophet and the habit of killing. The ghair-muqallid should act upon authentic hadith reports, and the muqallid should not insist on following the statements of their imams when these conflict with authentic hadith reports. Everyone must soften their attitude in the matter of declaring others as kafir [non-Muslim]. Everyone must accept the clear statements of the Quran and authentic hadith reports. If people differ in their understanding of them, they must not fight over it or at least keep the dispute to a minimum. They must let everyone follow his own understanding.

Note: Muqallid are those who follow a school of law, e.g., Hanafis. Ghair-muqallid do not follow any school.