History of the Prophets

by Maulana Muhammad Ali


Aaron is very often mentioned along with Moses. When Moses was called to the office of a prophet, and commanded to go to Pharaoh and warn him, he is related to have prayed to God thus:

“And give to me an aider from my family: Aaron, my brother; add to my strength by him, and make him share my task. So that we may glorify Thee much. And much remember Thee.” (The Holy Quran, 20:29–34)

And elsewhere:

“And my brother, Aaron, he is more eloquent in speech than I, so send him with me as a helper.” (The Holy Quran, 28:34)

We are told that the Torah was given to both Moses and Aaron (The Holy Quran, 37:117). The chief point in which the Holy Quran makes a departure from the Bible is Aaron’s alleged making of a calf for the Israelites to worship (Exodus 32:2–5). The Quran not only clears him of idol-making, but shows him as plainly warning the Israelites because of their worship of the calf:

“And Aaron indeed had said to them before: O my people you are only tried by it, and surely your Lord is the Beneficent God, so follow me and obey my order.” (The Holy Quran, 20:90)

References mentioned above:

“And We gave them both the clear Book.” (The Holy Quran, 37:117)

“And Aaron said unto them, Break off the golden earrings, which are in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters, and bring them unto me.

And all the people brake off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them unto Aaron.

And he received them at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.

And when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow is a feast to the Lord.” (Exodus 32:2–5)