The Anti-Christ and Gog and Magog

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

The Dajjal and Gog and Magog are Identical

Immediately after speaking of Gog and Magog fighting each other in verse 102 [of Chapter 18 of the Holy Quran], the account reverts to the subject of Dajjal:

اَفَحَسِبَ الَّذِیۡنَ کَفَرُوۡۤا اَنۡ یَّتَّخِذُوۡا عِبَادِیۡ مِنۡ دُوۡنِیۡۤ اَوۡلِیَآءَ ؕ

“Do those who believe think that they can take My servants to be friends besides Me?” [The Holy Quran, 18:102]

This shows that the Quran identifies Dajjal with Gog and Magog. They are given two different names because of their two functions. As for the identity of Gog and Magog, the commentators differ. Ibn Kathir says that they are descendants of Adam, and this view is supported by the hadith in Muslim and Bukhari. According to Ruh al-Maani, they are two tribes from among the descendants of Noah’s son Japheth, of whom the Turks form a part, being so called because they were left (turiku) on the other side of the wall. Moreover, the Quran’s own description shows clearly that they are human beings, to ward off whose invasions the wall was constructed.

The second reference to Gog and Magog occurs in 21:96:

حَتّٰۤی اِذَا فُتِحَتۡ یَاۡجُوۡجُ وَ مَاۡجُوۡجُ وَ ہُمۡ مِّنۡ کُلِّ حَدَبٍ یَّنۡسِلُوۡنَ ﴿۹۶﴾

“Even when Gog and Magog are let loose and they sally forth from every elevated place.” (The Holy Quran, 21:96)

Sallying forth from every elevated place evidently means that they will establish their supremacy all over the world. The way the Quran speaks of them in both the places shows that a time will come when these people will overpower all the nations of the world. It also appears that they already existed at the time of the revelation of the Book, but that their movements were to remain checked until a certain time, after which they would wield uncontrolled authority in the whole world.

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