The Six Parallel Stages of Physical and Spiritual Perfection in the Light of the Holy Quran

English translation of Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya, Vol. 5, pp. 32–84

by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian

Introduction

قَدۡ اَفۡلَحَ الۡمُؤۡمِنُوۡنَ ۙ﴿۱﴾ الَّذِیۡنَ ہُمۡ فِیۡ صَلَاتِہِمۡ خٰشِعُوۡنَ ۙ﴿۲﴾ وَ الَّذِیۡنَ ہُمۡ عَنِ اللَّغۡوِ مُعۡرِضُوۡنَ ﴿ۙ۳﴾ وَ الَّذِیۡنَ ہُمۡ لِلزَّکٰوۃِ فٰعِلُوۡنَ ۙ﴿۴﴾ وَ الَّذِیۡنَ ہُمۡ لِفُرُوۡجِہِمۡ حٰفِظُوۡنَ ۙ﴿۵﴾ اِلَّا عَلٰۤی اَزۡوَاجِہِمۡ اَوۡ مَا مَلَکَتۡ اَیۡمَانُہُمۡ فَاِنَّہُمۡ غَیۡرُ مَلُوۡمِیۡنَ ۚ﴿۶﴾ فَمَنِ ابۡتَغٰی وَرَآءَ ذٰلِکَ فَاُولٰٓئِکَ ہُمُ الۡعٰدُوۡنَ ۚ﴿۷﴾ وَ الَّذِیۡنَ ہُمۡ لِاَمٰنٰتِہِمۡ وَ عَہۡدِہِمۡ رٰعُوۡنَ ۙ﴿۸﴾ وَ الَّذِیۡنَ ہُمۡ عَلٰی صَلَوٰتِہِمۡ یُحَافِظُوۡنَ ۘ﴿۹﴾ اُولٰٓئِکَ ہُمُ الۡوٰرِثُوۡنَ ﴿ۙ۱۰﴾ الَّذِیۡنَ یَرِثُوۡنَ الۡفِرۡدَوۡسَ ؕ ہُمۡ فِیۡہَا خٰلِدُوۡنَ ﴿۱۱﴾ وَ لَقَدۡ خَلَقۡنَا الۡاِنۡسَانَ مِنۡ سُلٰلَۃٍ مِّنۡ طِیۡنٍ ﴿ۚ۱۲﴾ ثُمَّ جَعَلۡنٰہُ نُطۡفَۃً فِیۡ قَرَارٍ مَّکِیۡنٍ ﴿۪۱۳﴾ ثُمَّ خَلَقۡنَا النُّطۡفَۃَ عَلَقَۃً فَخَلَقۡنَا الۡعَلَقَۃَ مُضۡغَۃً فَخَلَقۡنَا الۡمُضۡغَۃَ عِظٰمًا فَکَسَوۡنَا الۡعِظٰمَ لَحۡمًا ٭ ثُمَّ اَنۡشَاۡنٰہُ خَلۡقًا اٰخَرَ ؕ فَتَبٰرَکَ اللّٰہُ اَحۡسَنُ الۡخٰلِقِیۡنَ ﴿ؕ۱۴﴾

  1. Successful are the believers,
  2. Who are humble in their prayers,
  3. And who shun what is vain,
  4. And who act for the sake of purity,
  5. And who restrain their sexual passions —
  6. Except in the presence of their mates or those whom their right hands possess, for such surely are not blameable,
  7. But whoever seeks to go beyond that, such are transgressors —
  8. And those who are keepers of their trusts and their covenant,
  9. And those who keep a guard on their prayers.
  10. These are the heirs,
  11. Who inherit Paradise. Therein they will abide.
  12. And certainly We create man of an extract of clay,
  13. Then We make him a small life-germ in a firm resting-place,
  14. Then We make the life-germ a clot, then We make the clot a lump of flesh, then We make (in) the lump of flesh bones, then We clothe the bones with flesh, then We cause it to grow into another creation. So blessed be Allah, the Best of creators!

The Holy Quran, 23:1–14

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam, while writing a commentary on verses 1–14 of Chapter 23 Al-Muminun (The Believers) of the Holy Quran lucidly established the fact that Allah’s words are supremely exalted above those of His servants. And on the basis of this exquisite exposition of spiritual truths contained therein, he challenges opponents of Islam to produce anything like this in any existing scripture or work produced by man since the beginning of time. He also states that there are six stages that a human being has to traverse before he can attain perfection and this is so physically as well as spiritually. He then goes on to elucidate from these verses that every physical stage of development is matched by a corresponding spiritual stage. The following is a free and slightly condensed translation of his exegesis taken from Supplement to Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya, volume 5, pages 32–84.

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