Urdu-English Dictionary of some Words appearing in ‘Kitab-ul-Bariyya’ (A Book by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian)
Compilation by Hazrat Ameer (IV) Prof. Dr. Asghar Hameed, Ph.D. (Edin., UK)
Note by the Webmaster: This is a glossary of some Urdu words (along with their English translation) that appeared in the book, ‘Kitab-ul-Bariyya’ by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian.
This compilation was undertaken by Hazrat Ameer (IV) Prof. Dr. Asghar Hameed, Ph.D. (Edin., UK). This invaluable addition to our website will assist translators in their future work. In-sha Allah.
Good breeding, good manners, etiquette, politeness, form of address in writing and speaking, salutation, respects, elegant manners, rules, ceremonies.
Tumult, clamour, uproar, disturbance, evolution, mutiny.
Inflammation of the eyes, conjunctivitis.
Dust-storm, hurricane, tempest, fury.
Trial, misfortune, affliction, suffering, distress.
Meanwhile, in the interim, in the midst of a certain state or condition, during the interval.
Exertion, earnest effort, diligence, interpretation of Muslim laws.
Probability, likelihood, apprehension.
Foolish, stupid, fool, dunce, blockhead, idiot.
Disturbance, disorder, disruption, obstruction, hindrance, interruption.
Choice, option, will, jurisdiction, authority, power, influence, competency, permission, dominion.
Belief, faith, goodwill, creed, doctrine, text, fundamental article of faith.
Will, intention, aim, object, purpose, determination, resolution.
Drawing forth, deduction, extraction, expulsion, extradition, removal, excursion.
Metaphor, figurative expression, simile.
Above want, content, self-sufficiency, freedom from care.
The lowest hell, inferno, bottomless perdition.
Very mean, very low, very inferior, nethermost, ribald.
Steadfastness, stability, steadiness, fortitude, resolution, firmness, self-determination, perseverance, absolute power, sovereignty, independence, constancy.
Deduction, selecting, drawing out, extraction.
Sign, gesture, token, symbol, wink, hint, suggestion, indication, gesticulation, signal, allusion.
Notification, advertisement, announcement, proclamation, publication, notice, placard, poster.
Provoking, inciting, inflaming, exciting, instigating, fomenting.
Origin, foundation, root, essence, essential, capital.
Notice, information, communication, report, notification, announcement.
Intimate, apprize, inform.
Quiet, comfort, repose, tranquillity, calmness, composure, satisfaction, consolation, contentment, security.
Disclosure, disposition, testimony, declaration, expression.
Objection, criticism, protest, resistance.
Faith, belief, confidence, credence, trust.
Slander, accusation, imputation, fabrication, calumny, false, scandal.
Regret, sorrow, distress, repentance, remorse, dejection, Ah!, Alas!, sorry.
Agreement, promise, acceptance, acknowledgement, admission, affirmation, assent, declaration, covenant, contract, confession.
Germinate, sprout, spring up, grow, rise.
Religious sciences, metaphysics, science of divinity.
A retort, an impertinent reply, a crooked answer.
الخ (الیٰ آخرۃ)
To the end of it, etcetera.
Censure, blame, reproof, accusation, change, allegation, imputation.
Inspiration, revelation, intuition.
Examination, investigation, test, trial, proof, experiment, ordeal.
Order, command, behest, business, matter, affair, thing, point, issue, fact, decree.
Peace, security, safety, tranquillity.
Egotism, arrogance, self-conceit, self-praise, boasting.
Most suitable, convenient, worthy, proper, appropriate.
Laying open, making clear, manifestation, explanation.
An act causing shame, modesty, confession.
Denial, disavowal, disallowance, contradiction, declining, refusal, rejection, opposition, negation, disclaimer.
Resolute, enterprising, ambitious, dedicated.
Making necessary, affirmation, assent, rendering necessary or incumbent, first proposal made by one of the parties in negotiating or concluding a bargain.
Belief, faith, creed, trustworthiness, credence, conscience, confidence.
Word, saying, speech, news, story, talk, subject, matter, affair, gossip, account, point, proposal discussion, proof, object, order, message, cause, practice.
Interrogation, cross-examination, investigation, detailed examination.
Abstain from, leave off, desist, refrain from, cease, forbear, shun.
The innermost part, the inside, the internal, the mind, heart.
Cause, occasion, reason, condition, ground, base.
Disputation, discussion, debate, dispute, altercation, controversy, argument, question.
Avarice, stinginess, niggardliness, parsimony, grudge.
Unlucky, unfortunate, wretched, fate beaten.
Abuse, impertinence, farce.
بدل و جان
Heart and soul.
Bad name, infamy, ignominy, dishonour.
Tolerant, forbearing, enduring, patient.
Fitting the occasion, appropriate, apt.
Angry, vexed, confused, jumble together, entangled, inflamed, disordered, enraged.
Exoneration, exemption, release, acquittal.
Great, revered, venerable, noble, sensible, aged, a holy man, a saint, an elder, an ancestor, a wiseman.
Sight, perceiving, insight, vision.
Sight, insight, prudence, intelligence, discernment, skill.
Malice, spite, hatred, hate, grudge, enmity.
Deterioration, corruption, defeat, fault, damage, harm, quarrel, discord.
Spoil, mar, damage, injure, harm, ruin, bungle, pollute.
Trial, calamity, misfortune, evil, distress, spirit, fiend, an awful or terrible thing, awful, dreadful, enormous, excessive.
Weak, poor timid, dull, worn out, low-spirited.
False accusation, calumny, aspersion, false imputation.
Reliance, trust, dependence, confidence, assurance, hope, expectation, faith, belief.
Without choice, involuntary, helpless, without control or authority.
Without power or authority, helpless, weak
Out of place, misplaced, improper, unlawful, unreasonable, useless, ill-timed.
Miserable, without resource, unfortunate, poor.
Intelligent, clever, cute.
Disgusted, out of humour, angry, displeased, sick.
Unfortunate, frustrated, deprived.
Frivolous, foolish, useless, idle, obscure, absurd, pointless.
To trace, to search out, to find out.
Sign, address, place, trace, clue, hint, direction.
Betray secrets, expose.
Avoidance, abstinence, continence.
Kind of melon, difference of opinion, dissention, discord, split, quarrel, flaw, breach, break, crack, opening, gap.
Born, produced, invented, manifested, discovered, exhibited, gained, acquired, profit, income, earning.
One engaged in a lawsuit, litigant.
Composition, compilation, reconciling, joining in friendship, connecting.
Captivation of hearts, the art of winning friends.
Support, corroboration, assistance.
Greediness, instigation, stimulation, temptation.
Transposition of words or letters so as to change the meaning, anagram, clerical error, deliberate alteration of a word or words to change the meaning, distortion, tampering with.
Research, ascertaining, enquiry, investigation, verification, exactness, certainty.
Remedy, reparation, chastisement, precaution, preparation (to obtain justice), the instrument and means used to obtain justice (as writings, lawyers, etc.).
To redress, to guard against, to provide against.
Counsel, contrivance, opinion, advice, arrangement, policy.
Inducement, temptation, allurement, incentive.
Consolation, comfort, solace, satisfaction, contentment.
Anxiety, care, apprehension, grief, distraction, confusion.
Proving true, verifying, attesting, verification, attestation, authentication, affirmation.
Making clear, manifestation, narration, explanation, clarification.
Prejudice for or against, bigotry, religious persecution, grudge.
Connection, relation, concern, dependence.
Separation, dispersion, distinction, discussion, division.
Repeating often, repetition, tautology, dispute, wrangle, altercation, contention, controversy, the chorus or burden of a song.
Warning, admonition, reprimand.
Humility, attention, civility, affected kindness, hospitality, entertainment.
Attention, care, inclination.
Break, rupture, counteraction, remedy, refutation, the distance of a gunshot.
Pause, delay, hesitation, respite.
Perfect reliance or a trust in God.
Threatening, frightening, threat.
Burst of laughter, fun, pleasantry, humour, mock, ridicule, loud laughter, joke, jest.
To joke, jest, ridicule, make fun, to ridicule, deride.
A third person, an arbitrator, a mediator, a Judge.
Power of attraction, power of absorption.
Dignity, grandeur, high rank.
Eminent is God’s glory.
Beauty, elegance, prettiness, comeliness.
Threshold, a place to which one repairs for refuge, sir.
A respondent, counterpart, the chorus, especially in repeating an elegy, responsive.
Heat, effervescence, excitement, zeal, enthusiasm passion, lust, emotion, ferment, chafe, rage, to be in a frenzy.
War, crusade, supreme effort.
Infernal, belonging to hell.
Rebuff, scolding, rebuke, snobbishness, snub.
Wrangling, quarrel, braul, contention, squabble, strife, dispute.
A hurt, blow, bruise, damage, injury, fall, shock, loss (in trade), stroke, spite, rivalry, competition, taunting.
To rend, tear, cut open, split, cleave, saw.
Skilful, intelligent, eminent, perfect, competent, excelling, adept.
Proceeds, out-turn, produce, revenue, effect, influence, consequence, result, product, gain, acquisition, object, duty, customs, crop.
State, condition, the present time, business, statement, case, narrative, spiritual ecstasy.
Circumstances, facts, particulars, conditions, cases, natures.
State, condition, nature, circumstance, position of one’s affairs.
Argument, proof, reason, discussion, objection, excuse, altercation, disputation.
Act, motion, gesture, misdemeanour, fault, agitation, hindrance, movement.
Longing, desire, wish, grief, regret.
Lucky chance, good luck.
Dignity, nearness, a title applied to a great man.
Presence, august presence, attendance, sir, your honour, your highness.
Presence, attendance, audience.
Just, proper, right, equity, justice, merit, property, truth, reality, fact, privilege, claim, duty, obligation.
Policy, judicial management.
Appearance, features, distinctive marks, identity.
Folly, stupidity, foolishness.
Evasion, shift, trick, excuse, pretext, deception, device, stratagem, artifice, pretence, service, employment.
Peculiarity, peculiar nature, natural disposition.
Wicked, malignant, impure, bad, corrupt, foul, filthy, miser.
Godhead, divinity, providence, the world, people.
Dry, withered, cynic.
Danger, fear, risk, venture.
Mankind, creation, people, nature, quality, good manners, civility.
Interruption, breach, confusion, damage, derangement, ruin, break, disturbance, disorder, injury, rupture, hindrance, unsoundness, flaw, defect.
Habit, custom, disposition, nature.
Perforce, willing or not willing, willy-nilly, inevitable, uselessly.
Pride, self-conceit, vanity.
Delight, joy, happiness, pleasure, enjoyment, gaiety, mirth.
Fear, terror, awe, dread, flight, apprehension.
Thought, idea, imagination, conception, motion, fancy, whim, care, concern, opinion, regard, respect, consideration.
Well-wisher, (sincere, devoted).
Helpless, destitute, distressed.
Dervish, mendicant (beggar).
Clause, article, section.
Suffering, distress, affliction, misery, pain, ache, annoyance, bother, calamity.
Vexing, tormenting, cruel.
Atheist, materialist, infidel, unbeliever.
Fear, terror, awe, dread, fright, apprehension.
Insult, disgrace, baseness, indignity, vileness, abjectness, dishonour, abasement, affront, contemptibleness.
Veracity, truth, uprightness, candour, integrity, honesty, truthfulness, faithfulness, constancy, actuality, known facts, knowledge.
Road, way, passage, progress, means of access, custom, fashion, method, journey.
Influence, access, friendship, firmness, stability.
Consent, approval, permission.
Awe, fear, terror, awe inspiring presence, dignity.
Thinness, liquidity, subtleness, affection, minuteness, flimsiness, tenderness, softness, ecstasy, weeping.
Grief, affliction, pain, toil, anguish of mind, disgust, sorrow, suffering, sadness, distress, inconvenience, trouble.
Custom, way, behaviour, course, mode.
Stop, prevention, stay, restriction, hindrance, obstruction, restraint, support, shelter, bar, interruption, obstacle.
Prince, chief, nobleman, head of department.
Hypocrisy, dissimulation, evasion, affectation, pretence, subterfuge.
Abundance, excess, increase, surplus, augmentation, addition, oppression, violence, tyranny.
Lightness, delicacy, levity, frivolousness indignity, dishonour, disgrace, contempt.
Veracity, truth, uprightness, candour, integrity, honesty, truthfulness, (faithfulness, constancy, actuality, known facts, knowledge).
Hard, strong, harsh, severe.
Search, sign, footstep, tracks.
Virtue, good fortune.
Happy, fortunate, august, auspicious.
Foolish, stupid, ignorant.
Seize, seizing by, force, plunder, negation, denial, spoil, booty, negative argument in logic.
Chain, series of links or rings passing through one another, ranges.
Hearing, listening, sense of hearing, music, song, ecstasy caused by music.
Received by hearsay, traditional, irregular (in grammar).
Explain, impress upon the mind.
Traditions of the Holy Prophet [Muhammad (pbuh)], sayings and doings, ancestral.
Events, occurrences, incidents, accidents, historical events.
Politics, punishment, chastisement.
Account keeping, reference, sense, meaning (of the text).
سیاق و سباق
Context, coherence, connection.
Bad luck, mischance, misfortune, disaster, punishment.
State, condition, eminence, glory, occasion, dignity, power, style, elegance.
To be ashamed, to feel humble, to be sorry, to look small.
Doubt, suspicion, uncertainty, hesitation.
Hunting, game, victim.
Hunt, entrap, bag, bring under one’s clutches.
Mischief, wantonness, boldness, coquetry, audaciousness, audacity, sauciness.
Virtuous, righteous, sound, proper.
Conjugation, change, expenditure, cost, etymology, volubility, vicissitudes of fortune, giving various inflections or parts of (a verb).
صرف و نحو
Clear, evident, palpable, manifest.
Ascent, accession, mounting, climbing, ascending, involution.
Lost, destroyed, perished, wasted, fruitless, abortive.
Necessary, indispensable, unavoidable.
Error, fault, vice, ruin, perdition, deviation from the right path.
Rising, arising, appearing, fortune, destiny, lot, prosperity.
Natural, innate, physical, intrinsic, naturalist, physicist.
Way, path, manner, fashion, road, rite, observance, custom, religion.
The sun’s course, the ecliptic.
Manner, fashion, way.
Government by (various) band of rulers, disintegration or division of a country, general upheaval, anarchy, lawlessness.
Apparent, evident, open, manifest, plain, visible, conspicuous, outward, condition, the outside.
Oppression, injustice, tyranny, outrage, violence.
Suspicion, evil opinion, jealousy, wrong impression, presumption.
Powerless, weak, humble, dejected, helpless, incompetent, impotent, frustrated, hopeless, meek.
Habit, practice, custom, manner, usage.
Common, public, general, ordinary.
An example, admonition, warning.
Servitude, devotion, adoration, subjection, reverence, service (of God).
Wonders, curiosities, miracles, wonderful things.
Wonderful, surprising, queer, rare, astonishing, admirable, unique.
Enmity, hatred, spite, malice, grudge.
Excuse, apology, plea, objection.
Greatness, magnitude, magnificence, pomp, haughtiness, glory.
Greed, doctrine, text, fundamental article of faith.
The art of judging character from appearance from the face, physiognomy.
Deliberately, designedly, intentionally, purposely, wilfully.
Time, reason, reign, contract, obligation, promise, treaty, vow, oath, mandate, injunction, covenant, agreement, will.
Overcoming, overpowering, victorious, predominant, excelling, superior, triumphant, after, very often, most probable, most likely.
Weak in mind, having little intelligence, imprudent, dull, forgetful, negligent.
Foreigner, stranger, traveller, poor, destitute, mild, humble, needy, strange, foreign, wonderful, innocent, indigent.
Concealed, invisible, hidden, absent, latent, mysterious, unseen.
Sense of honour, honour, courage, modesty, bashfulness, care of what is sacred and inviolable, shame, envy, indignation, enmity.
Corrupt, vicious, depraved, perverse, wicked, wrong, malignant, guilty, culpable, extra.
Gain, profit, advantage, yield, benefit, importance, result, utility.
Sedition, revolt, mutiny, pest, mischief, perfidy, temptation, persecution.
Sentence delivered by a Qazi [Judge], a judicial decree, judgment, sentence, decision.
Debauchery, adultery, wickedness.
Action, work, deed, operation, doing, feigning, pretence, pretext, carnal intercourse, adultery, unnatural act.
Impiety, obscenity, inequity, sin, falsehood, adultery.
فسق و فجور
Merely, simply, only, solely, alone, end, finis.
One well-versed in the religious law, theologian.
Opinion, notion, imagination, idea, care to ponder, to contrive, to plot against, to be anxious about, to be thoughtful about, to pine, to grieve.
A decree, settlement, decision, adjustment, arbitration.
Potent, powerful, mighty, capable, skilful, competent.
The Omnipotent, God Almighty.
Power, vigour, ability, potency, free, authority, divine, power omnipotence, nature, capacity.
Ancient, antiquated, old.
Materia medica, pharmacopoeia, compounded medicines, antidote.
Circumstances, conditions, conjectures, presumptions.
Context, symmetry, conjecture, similarity, analogy, connection, regularity, order, arrangement, manner, cause, way, mode, system.
Power, virtue, authority, faculty, strength, vigour, energy, support.
Word, promise, saying, text, motto, resolve, vow, quotation, stipulation.
Tribe, race, community, nation, breed, people.
Acting up to, observing, obedient.
Business, trade, employment.
Work, job, business, engagement, employment, labour, task, deed, use, service, duty, function, embroidery, workmanship.
Wrongheaded person, stupid.
Dislike, disgust, aversion, detestation, abomination, disagreeableness, abhorrence.
Wonder, miracle, phenomenon, charm, amorous, gesture, coquetry, blandishment, amorous look, ogling.
Noble, generous, eminent, great.
Kindness, generosity, bounty, favour, grace, graciousness, excellence, liberality, clemency.
Manifestation, inspiration, knowledge of hidden things, an opening revelation, solution, explanation, a divine inspiration.
Paganism, infidelity, incredulity, ingratitude, heathenism, profanity, blasphemy, unbelief.
To say against, take objection, gainsay, contradict, deny, dispute.
Universal, entire, whole, general, common, all, complete.
Mean, ignoble, vulgar, wicked, low, defective, base.
Hint, illusion, metaphor, nod, sign, nickname, sarcasm.
Slough, skin of a snake.
Malice, rancour, grudge, enmity, spite, hatred, animosity.
Statement, publication, evidence, testimony.
Bear testimony, give evidence, to depose, to witness.
As if, as it were.
Silenced, rendered speechless, having no reply to give.
Compulsory, essential, inevitable, unavoidable, consequential.
Kindness, courtesy, grace, benignity, favour, taste, elegance, beauty, delicacy, pleasantness, pleasure, gratification, enjoyment.
Necessaries, baggage, ingredients, requisites, essentials.
Matter, substance, subject, essence, faculty, power, root, etymology, article, clause.
Ordered, appointed, posted.
Contest, debate, discussion, verbal dispute, reasoning.
Prejudiced, bigoted, partial, superstitious. (Bigot: One blindly and obstinately devoted to a particular creed or party).
Putrid, corrupted, rotten, stinking, fetid, unpleasant.
Example, specimen, simile, analogy, parable.
Lawful, legally authorized, admissible, competent, superficial, permitted, licensed, metaphor.
Bond, penalty bond, penal recognizance, personal surety.
Protector, guardian, watchman, curator.
A narrator, a relater, a believer in traditions, having the knowledge of traditions or sayings of the Holy Prophet [Muhammad (pbuh)].
Deprived of, debarred, excluded, damned or refused, unlucky, prohibited, unfortunate, wretched, plundered, disappointed.
A benefactor, a patron, beneficent, generous, obliging, benefiting.
Verifier, investigator, philosopher, research, scholar, inquisitive, investigating the truth, of proving to be true.
Absorbed, fascinated, charmed, captivated, erased, obliterated, abolished, effaced, forgotten, engrossed.
The person who addresses another.
The person spoken to or addressed.
Opposite, adverse, unfavourable, repugnant, opponent, enemy, foe, adversary.
Hysteria, hystermania, melancholia.
Degree, dignity, rank of honour, office, charge, class, order.
Apostate, renegade, a convert.
Rejected, excluded, reprobated, repulsed, confuted, abandoned, outcast.
Authenticated, genuine, reliable.
Coherent, connected, consistent.
Question, proposition, maxim, theorem, precept of Holy Prophet [Muhammad (pbuh)], an aphorism (concise statement of a principle in any science, brief, pithy, saying, adage). (Adage: An old saying, a proverb).
Ambiguous, obscure, suspect, suspectable, dubious.
One who revises or corrects, a moderator, an emendator, a proofreader.
Expedience, convenience, fitness, welfare, prudent, measure, counsel, advisability, advice, policy, cause, a good thing.
Affairs, policies, advice, causes, counsels.
Ill, misfortune, calamity, disaster, affliction adversity, evil, misery.
Trustworthy, sufficient, enough, numbered, computed.
Extinct, non-existent, annihilated.
Tricky, liar, slanderer, calumniator, false accuser, a rogue, a knave, knavish.
Mischievous, mischief maker, committing sedition, author of evil.
Meditator, thinker, considerate.
Accepted, received, popular, acceptable, chosen, elect, admitted, grateful.
Holy, sanctified, hallowed, consecrated.
Admitted, a relative, an intimate friend, a favourite, approximate.
Intention, design, meaning, purpose, purport, object, aim, desire, wish.
Purpose, end, object, aim.
Cunning, artful, crafty, deceitful, a pretender.
Retribution, requital, recompense, retaliation, reparation.
Dialogue, colloquy, conversation between two or more persons, discourse.
Cheating, cunning, fraud, artifice, pretence, imposture, disguise, design, plot, device, stratagem, skill, trick, dodge, deceit, evasion.
Hated, odious, abhorred, abominable, detestable, disgusting, obscene, loathsome, unpleasant, unbecoming.
Looking into, contemplating, consideration, view, notice, regard, inspection.
Heretic, infidel, unbeliever, free thinker, apostate, atheist.
Ill-omened, unlucky, unfortunate, abominable, bad, dismal.
Dignity, office, post, station.
Plan, scheme, project, will, determination, contrivance, intention.
منہ بند کر دینا
To cork, to seal, to make silent, to put to stop, to fill the gap, to close the mouth.
Calling to account, impeachment, accountability.
The target of indictment, blameworthy.
Stopped, ceased, abolished, dismissed, fixed, bound.
Master, lord, God.
Retarding, deferring, delay, respite, time, leisure, intermission, cessation, armistice.
To allow time, postpone, defer.
Polluted, dirty, unclean, filthy, impure, defiled, lewd.
Foolish, ignorant, innocent.
Dissatisfied, discontented, unwilling, displeased, offended.
Observer, beholder, inspector, supervisor, sheriff, bailiff, record keeper.
Unworthy, unfit, inconvenient, improper, unsuitable.
Suit, complaint, charge.
Result, conclusion, fruit, effect, inference, consequence.
Liberation, salvation, absolution, escape, deliverance, freedom.
Syntax, (grammatical structure in sentences), way, path, manner, mode, inflection.
Shame, regret, repentance.
Aloof, unequalled, rare, strange, odd, queer.
Smooth, tender, simple, soft, plastic, moderate, dull, stow, easy, slack, mild, defective.
Softness, smoothness, tenderness, mildness, delicacy, sycophancy, abatement, easiness, fluency.
Relation, affinity, attribute, reference, alliance, connection, betrothal, relationship by marriage, ratio, comparison.
Mark, sign, signal, proof, type, emblem, note, arms, badge, an ensign, flag, standard, a clue, seal, stamp, address of a person, target.
Search, investigation, definite, decisive or final order, anything apparent and clear.
A verse of the Quran which is clear and definite in its meaning or which states clearly what is right and what is wrong.
Fortune, position, destiny, chance, lot, luck, part, fate.
Order, disposition, arrangement, custom, habit, system, string of pearls.
Detestation, abhorrence, curse, imprecation, reproach.
Soul, spirit, self, person, body, flesh, blood, sensuality, lust, substance, concupiscence, sperm, penis, animal life, essence.
Breath, respiration, draught of water, voice or sound from the breath, moment, time.
History, narrative, tale, story, fable, anecdote, copying, mimicking, acting, aping, transporting from one place to another, removing, charging, translating.
Sample, specimen, pattern, model, example, type, form.
Time, turn, opportunity, state, plight, degree, picture, kettle drum.
Intention, will, design, purpose, desire, wish, aim.
Well mannered, well behaved.
Benevolence, goodness of intention.
Fit to be disclosed, worthy of representation.
Absurdities, nonsense, fiddle-faddle.
Dignity, respectability, high position, comeliness.
Existence, essence, being, body, substance, invention, penis.
Command, injunction, charge, legacy, bequest, precept, mandate, a last will or testament.
Promise, agreement, bargain, assignation, appointment.
Sermon, oration, preaching.
Threat, denunciation, predicting anything bad.
Idea, imagination, fancy, opinion, conjecture, anxiety, apprehension, whim, doubt, suspicion, fear, superstition.
Repel, foil, remove, drive backwards, push back, put off back.
A jest, a joke, buffoonery, pleasantries.
To make fun, to ridicule.
Dryness, aridity, constipation, costiveness.