English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 10: Yunus — Jonah (Revealed at Makkah: 11 sections, 109 verses)

Section 8 (Verses 10:71–10:82): Noah and Moses

Translation:

وَ اتۡلُ عَلَیۡہِمۡ نَبَاَ نُوۡحٍ ۘ اِذۡ قَالَ لِقَوۡمِہٖ یٰقَوۡمِ اِنۡ کَانَ کَبُرَ عَلَیۡکُمۡ مَّقَامِیۡ وَ تَذۡکِیۡرِیۡ بِاٰیٰتِ اللّٰہِ فَعَلَی اللّٰہِ تَوَکَّلۡتُ فَاَجۡمِعُوۡۤا اَمۡرَکُمۡ وَ شُرَکَآءَکُمۡ ثُمَّ لَا یَکُنۡ اَمۡرُکُمۡ عَلَیۡکُمۡ غُمَّۃً ثُمَّ اقۡضُوۡۤا اِلَیَّ وَ لَا تُنۡظِرُوۡنِ ﴿۷۱﴾

10:71 And recite to them the story of Noah, when he said to his people: My people, if my staying (here) and my reminding (you) by the messages of Allah is hard on you, on Allah do I rely; so decide upon your course of action and (gather) your associates. Then do not let your course of action be dubious to you, so have it executed against me and give me no respite.1

فَاِنۡ تَوَلَّیۡتُمۡ فَمَا سَاَلۡتُکُمۡ مِّنۡ اَجۡرٍ ؕ اِنۡ اَجۡرِیَ اِلَّا عَلَی اللّٰہِ ۙوَ اُمِرۡتُ اَنۡ اَکُوۡنَ مِنَ الۡمُسۡلِمِیۡنَ ﴿۷۲﴾

10:72 But if you turn back, I ask for no reward from you. My reward is only with Allah, and I am commanded to be of those who submit.

فَکَذَّبُوۡہُ فَنَجَّیۡنٰہُ وَ مَنۡ مَّعَہٗ فِی الۡفُلۡکِ وَ جَعَلۡنٰہُمۡ خَلٰٓئِفَ وَ اَغۡرَقۡنَا الَّذِیۡنَ کَذَّبُوۡا بِاٰیٰتِنَا ۚ فَانۡظُرۡ کَیۡفَ کَانَ عَاقِبَۃُ الۡمُنۡذَرِیۡنَ ﴿۷۳﴾

10:73 But they rejected him, so We delivered him and those with him in the ark, and We made them rulers and drowned those who rejected Our messages. See, then, what was the end of those who were warned.

ثُمَّ بَعَثۡنَا مِنۡۢ بَعۡدِہٖ رُسُلًا اِلٰی قَوۡمِہِمۡ فَجَآءُوۡہُمۡ بِالۡبَیِّنٰتِ فَمَا کَانُوۡا لِیُؤۡمِنُوۡا بِمَا کَذَّبُوۡا بِہٖ مِنۡ قَبۡلُ ؕ کَذٰلِکَ نَطۡبَعُ عَلٰی قُلُوۡبِ الۡمُعۡتَدِیۡنَ ﴿۷۴﴾

10:74 Then after him We sent messengers to their people. They came to them with clear arguments, but they would not believe what they had rejected before. Thus do We seal the hearts of those who exceed the limits.2

ثُمَّ بَعَثۡنَا مِنۡۢ بَعۡدِہِمۡ مُّوۡسٰی وَ ہٰرُوۡنَ اِلٰی فِرۡعَوۡنَ وَ مَلَا۠ئِہٖ بِاٰیٰتِنَا فَاسۡتَکۡبَرُوۡا وَ کَانُوۡا قَوۡمًا مُّجۡرِمِیۡنَ ﴿۷۵﴾

10:75 Then after them We sent Moses and Aaron to Pharaoh and his chiefs with Our signs, but they were arrogant, and they were a guilty people.

فَلَمَّا جَآءَہُمُ الۡحَقُّ مِنۡ عِنۡدِنَا قَالُوۡۤا اِنَّ ہٰذَا لَسِحۡرٌ مُّبِیۡنٌ ﴿۷۶﴾

10:76 So when the truth came to them from Us, they said: This is surely clear enchantment!

قَالَ مُوۡسٰۤی اَتَقُوۡلُوۡنَ لِلۡحَقِّ لَمَّا جَآءَکُمۡ ؕ اَسِحۡرٌ ہٰذَا ؕ وَ لَا یُفۡلِحُ السّٰحِرُوۡنَ ﴿۷۷﴾

10:77 Moses said: Do you say (this) of the truth when it has come to you? Is it enchantment? And the enchanters never succeed.

قَالُوۡۤا اَجِئۡتَنَا لِتَلۡفِتَنَا عَمَّا وَجَدۡنَا عَلَیۡہِ اٰبَآءَنَا وَ تَکُوۡنَ لَکُمَا الۡکِبۡرِیَآءُ فِی الۡاَرۡضِ ؕ وَ مَا نَحۡنُ لَکُمَا بِمُؤۡمِنِیۡنَ ﴿۷۸﴾

10:78 They said: Have you come to us to turn us away from what we found our fathers following, and (that) greatness in the land may be for you two? And we are not going to believe in you.

وَ قَالَ فِرۡعَوۡنُ ائۡتُوۡنِیۡ بِکُلِّ سٰحِرٍ عَلِیۡمٍ ﴿۷۹﴾

10:79 And Pharaoh said: Bring to me every skilful enchanter.

فَلَمَّا جَآءَ السَّحَرَۃُ قَالَ لَہُمۡ مُّوۡسٰۤی اَلۡقُوۡا مَاۤ اَنۡتُمۡ مُّلۡقُوۡنَ ﴿۸۰﴾

10:80 So when the enchanters came, Moses said to them: Throw down what you are going to throw.

فَلَمَّاۤ اَلۡقَوۡا قَالَ مُوۡسٰی مَا جِئۡتُمۡ بِہِ ۙ السِّحۡرُ ؕ اِنَّ اللّٰہَ سَیُبۡطِلُہٗ ؕ اِنَّ اللّٰہَ لَا یُصۡلِحُ عَمَلَ الۡمُفۡسِدِیۡنَ ﴿۸۱﴾

10:81 So when they had thrown down, Moses said: What you have brought is deception. Surely Allah will make it null. Surely Allah does not allow the work of mischief-makers to thrive.

وَ یُحِقُّ اللّٰہُ الۡحَقَّ بِکَلِمٰتِہٖ وَ لَوۡ کَرِہَ الۡمُجۡرِمُوۡنَ ﴿٪۸۲﴾

10:82 And Allah will establish the truth by His words, though the guilty dislike (it).

Commentary:

  1. The challenge of Noah to his opponents was, in fact, being reproduced now as a challenge to the opponents of the Holy Prophet. And these oppo­nents did, in fact, decide upon their course of action in their great council hall, perhaps a year or two later, and surrounded the Prophet’s house in accord­ance with that decision. But the Prophet escaped unnoticed from among them and they were unable to lay their hands on him.
  2. They do not ponder over the truth, but, having rejected once, go on opposing its progress without reflecting on it. This condition is described as the sealing of the heart, because the heart ceases to reflect.

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