English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 12: Yusuf — Joseph (Revealed at Makkah: 12 sections, 111 verses)


This entire chapter gives a continuous account of the history of Joseph. At the beginning and the end it indicates that the purpose is to foretell the ultimate triumph of the Holy Prophet Muhammad and the final submission of those who were plotting against his life. It is also prophesied here that the mutual dealings of the Holy Prophet and his enemies would be similar to the dealings of Joseph and his brothers: they would persecute him but he would forgive them when they would ultimately come before him in submission. This chapter was revealed during the last four years of the period of the Holy Prophet’s life at Makkah.

List of Sections (Rukus):

  1. Joseph’s Vision (Verses 12:1–12:6)
  2. Plot against Joseph by his Brothers (Verses 12:7–12:20)
  3. Joseph’s Firmness under Temptation (Verses 12:21–12:29)
  4. Joseph is Imprisoned (Verses 12:30–12:35)
  5. Joseph’s Preaching in Prison (Verses 12:36–12:42)
  6. The King’s Vision Interpreted by Joseph (Verses 12:43–12:49)
  7. Joseph Cleared of the Charges (Verses 12:50–12:57)
  8. Joseph Helps his Brothers (Verses 12:58–12:68)
  9. The Youngest Brother (Verses 12:69–12:79)
  10. Joseph Discloses his Identity (Verses 12:80–12:93)
  11. Jacob Goes to Egypt (Verses 12:94–12:104)
  12. A Lesson for the Prophet’s Opponents (Verses 12:105–12:111)