English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 14: Ibrahim — Abraham (Revealed at Makkah: 7 sections, 52 verses)


This chapter is named after Abraham, whose prayer is mentioned in verses 35–41. It explains that the work of the Quran is to lead people out of darkness into light, but that previous prophets too, such as Moses, had their message rejected at first. However, in all cases the opposition failed and God’s promise to help the prophet was fulfilled. Truth is confirmed and man brings about his own ruin by rejecting it. Then Abraham’s prayer for the right guidance of his descendants is mentioned and we are told that opposition to the truth will always end in failure. This chapter was revealed during the last four years of the period of the Holy Prophet’s life at Makkah.

List of Sections (Rukus):

  1. Revelation Dispels Darkness (Verses 14:1–14:6)
  2. Truth is Rejected First (Verses 14:7–14:12)
  3. Opposition is at Last Destroyed (Verses 14:13–14:21)
  4. Truth is Confirmed (Verses 14:22–14:27)
  5. Man’s Injustice in Rejecting Truth (Verses 14:28–14:34)
  6. Abraham’s Prayer (Verses 14:35–14:41)
  7. The End of Opposition (Verses 14:42–14:52)