English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 15: Al-Hijr — The Rock (Revealed at Madinah: 6 sections, 99 verses)

Section 4 (Verses 15:45–15:60): Mercy for the Righteous — Abraham


اِنَّ الۡمُتَّقِیۡنَ فِیۡ جَنّٰتٍ وَّ عُیُوۡنٍ ﴿ؕ۴۵﴾

15:45 Surely those who keep their duty are in Gardens and fountains.

اُدۡخُلُوۡہَا بِسَلٰمٍ اٰمِنِیۡنَ ﴿۴۶﴾

15:46 Enter them in peace, secure.

وَ نَزَعۡنَا مَا فِیۡ صُدُوۡرِہِمۡ مِّنۡ غِلٍّ اِخۡوَانًا عَلٰی سُرُرٍ مُّتَقٰبِلِیۡنَ ﴿۴۷﴾

15:47 And We shall remove whatever of bitterness is in their hearts — as brothers, on thrones, facing each other.

لَا یَمَسُّہُمۡ فِیۡہَا نَصَبٌ وَّ مَا ہُمۡ مِّنۡہَا بِمُخۡرَجِیۡنَ ﴿۴۸﴾

15:48 Toil does not afflict them therein, nor will they be ejected from there.1

نَبِّیٔۡ عِبَادِیۡۤ اَنِّیۡۤ اَنَا الۡغَفُوۡرُ الرَّحِیۡمُ ﴿ۙ۴۹﴾

15:49 Inform My servants that I am the Forgiving, the Merciful,

وَ اَنَّ عَذَابِیۡ ہُوَ الۡعَذَابُ الۡاَلِیۡمُ ﴿۵۰﴾

15:50 and that My punishment — that is the painful punishment.

وَ نَبِّئۡہُمۡ عَنۡ ضَیۡفِ اِبۡرٰہِیۡمَ ﴿ۘ۵۱﴾

15:51 And inform them of the guests of Abraham.

اِذۡ دَخَلُوۡا عَلَیۡہِ فَقَالُوۡا سَلٰمًا ؕ قَالَ اِنَّا مِنۡکُمۡ وَجِلُوۡنَ ﴿۵۲﴾

15:52 When they came to him, they said, Peace! He said: We are afraid of you.

قَالُوۡا لَا تَوۡجَلۡ اِنَّا نُبَشِّرُکَ بِغُلٰمٍ عَلِیۡمٍ ﴿۵۳﴾

15:53 They said: Do not be afraid, we give you good news of a boy, possessing knowledge.

قَالَ اَبَشَّرۡتُمُوۡنِیۡ عَلٰۤی اَنۡ مَّسَّنِیَ الۡکِبَرُ فَبِمَ تُبَشِّرُوۡنَ ﴿۵۴﴾

15:54 He said: Do you give me good news when old age has come upon me? Of what then do you give me good news?

قَالُوۡا بَشَّرۡنٰکَ بِالۡحَقِّ فَلَا تَکُنۡ مِّنَ الۡقٰنِطِیۡنَ ﴿۵۵﴾

15:55 They said: We give you good news with truth, so do not be from among the despairing ones.

قَالَ وَ مَنۡ یَّقۡنَطُ مِنۡ رَّحۡمَۃِ رَبِّہٖۤ اِلَّا الضَّآلُّوۡنَ ﴿۵۶﴾

15:56 He said: And who despairs of the mercy of his Lord except those in error?

قَالَ فَمَا خَطۡبُکُمۡ اَیُّہَا الۡمُرۡسَلُوۡنَ ﴿۵۷﴾

15:57 He said: What is your business, then, messengers?

قَالُوۡۤا اِنَّاۤ اُرۡسِلۡنَاۤ اِلٰی قَوۡمٍ مُّجۡرِمِیۡنَ ﴿ۙ۵۸﴾

15:58 They said: We have been sent to a guilty people,

اِلَّاۤ اٰلَ لُوۡطٍ ؕ اِنَّا لَمُنَجُّوۡہُمۡ اَجۡمَعِیۡنَ ﴿ۙ۵۹﴾

15:59 except Lot’s followers. We shall deliver them all,

اِلَّا امۡرَاَتَہٗ قَدَّرۡنَاۤ ۙ اِنَّہَا لَمِنَ الۡغٰبِرِیۡنَ ﴿٪۶۰﴾

15:60 except his wife: We ordained that she shall surely be among those who remain behind.


  1. Such is the Muslim paradise. There is absolute peace of mind, perfect security from any inclination to evil or any other danger (v. 46); there is a bro­therhood in which no one conceals any rancour in his heart for his brother, nor has anyone a complaint against another (v. 47); and lastly, there is neither toil nor fati­gue, nor is one to be ever deprived of that state of perfect bliss (v. 48). This verse further establishes that those who are once made to enter paradise are not sent back to this world; and that therefore the garden in which Adam was at first placed was not the paradise of heavenly life, for in that case he would not have been ejected from it.