English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 18: Al-Kahf — The Cave (Revealed at Makkah: 12 sections, 110 verses)

Section 7 (Verses 18:50–18:53): Their Helplessness

Translation:

وَ اِذۡ قُلۡنَا لِلۡمَلٰٓئِکَۃِ اسۡجُدُوۡا لِاٰدَمَ فَسَجَدُوۡۤا اِلَّاۤ اِبۡلِیۡسَ ؕ کَانَ مِنَ الۡجِنِّ فَفَسَقَ عَنۡ اَمۡرِ رَبِّہٖ ؕ اَفَتَتَّخِذُوۡنَہٗ وَ ذُرِّیَّتَہٗۤ اَوۡلِیَآءَ مِنۡ دُوۡنِیۡ وَ ہُمۡ لَکُمۡ عَدُوٌّ ؕ بِئۡسَ لِلظّٰلِمِیۡنَ بَدَلًا ﴿۵۰﴾

18:50 And when We said to the angels: Be submissive to Adam, they submitted, but not Iblīs. He was from among the jinn, so he transgressed the commandment of his Lord.1 Will you then take him and his offspring for friends rather than Me, and they are your enemies? Evil is the exchange for the unjust.

مَاۤ اَشۡہَدۡتُّہُمۡ خَلۡقَ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ الۡاَرۡضِ وَ لَا خَلۡقَ اَنۡفُسِہِمۡ ۪ وَ مَا کُنۡتُ مُتَّخِذَ الۡمُضِلِّیۡنَ عَضُدًا ﴿۵۱﴾

18:51 I did not make them witness the creation of the heavens and the earth, nor their own creation. Nor could I take those who mislead for aiders.

وَ یَوۡمَ یَقُوۡلُ نَادُوۡا شُرَکَآءِیَ الَّذِیۡنَ زَعَمۡتُمۡ فَدَعَوۡہُمۡ فَلَمۡ یَسۡتَجِیۡبُوۡا لَہُمۡ وَ جَعَلۡنَا بَیۡنَہُمۡ مَّوۡبِقًا ﴿۵۲﴾

18:52 And one day He will say: Call on those whom you considered to be My partners. So they will call on them, but they will not answer them, and We shall cause a separation between them.

وَ رَاَ الۡمُجۡرِمُوۡنَ النَّارَ فَظَنُّوۡۤا اَنَّہُمۡ مُّوَاقِعُوۡہَا وَ لَمۡ یَجِدُوۡا عَنۡہَا مَصۡرِفًا ﴿٪۵۳﴾

18:53 And the guilty will see the Fire, and know that they are about to fall into it, and they will find no escape from it.

Commentary:

  1. Iblīs is one of the jinn or the evil spirits, so it is an error to take him for an angel or a good spirit. The spirit of evil is always rebellious, and it is against this that man is warned, so that he should resist every evil tendency.

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