English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 19: Maryam — Mary (Revealed at Makkah: 6 sections, 98 verses)


The name of this chapter is taken from the story of Mary, mother of Jesus. It begins with an account of the birth of John and of Jesus, the last representatives of prophecy in the house of Israel, and then refutes the doctrine of the Divine sonship of Jesus. It then mentions the missions of some earlier prophets, showing that only human beings are raised to reform the world. At the end the doctrine that Jesus is the son of God is again denounced. This chapter was revealed in the early period at Makkah, about or before the fifth year of the Holy Prophet’s mission.

List of Sections (Rukus):

  1. Zacharias and John (Verses 19:1–19:15)
  2. Mary and Jesus (Verses 19:16–19:40)
  3. Abraham (Verses 19:41–19:50)
  4. Other Prophets are Raised (Verses 19:51–19:65)
  5. How the Opponents were Dealt With (Verses 19:66–19:82)
  6. False Doctrine of Sonship (Verses 19:83–19:98)