English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 22: Al-Hajj — The Pilgrimage (Revealed at Makkah: 10 sections, 78 verses)

Section 9 (Verses 22:65–22:72): Divine Mercy in Dealing with People

Translation:

22:65 Do you not see that Allah has made subservient to you all that is in the earth, and the ships gliding in the sea by His command? And He withholds the heaven from falling on the earth except with His permission. Surely Allah is Compassionate, Merciful to mankind.1
22:66 And He it is Who brings you to life, then He causes you to die, then He will bring you to life. Surely man is ungrateful.
22:67 To every nation We appointed acts of devotion, which they observe,2 so do not let them dispute with you in the matter, and call (them) to your Lord. Surely you are on a right guidance.
22:68 And if they argue with you, say: Allah best knows what you do.
22:69 Allah will judge between you on the day of Resurrection in that in which you differ.
22:70 Do you not know that Allah knows what is in the heaven and the earth? Surely this is in a book. That is surely easy to Allah.
22:71 And they serve besides Allah that for which He has not sent any authority, and of which they have no knowledge. And for the unjust there is no helper.
22:72 And when Our clear messages are recited to them, you will notice a denial on the faces of those who disbelieve — they almost attack those who recite to them Our messages. Say: Shall I inform you of what is worse than this? The Fire. Allah has promised it to those who disbelieve. And evil is the destination.

Commentary:

  1. The first part of the verse gives a promise of victory to the Muslims, while the latter part warns the opponents that Allah withholds the punishment from them for a time, for He is Compassionate and Merciful to people. The with­holding of the heaven means the withholding of the punishment, which the oppo­nents were told would come down upon them from heaven.
  2. The principle that all nations were given spiritual light is reiterated throughout the Quran.

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