English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 23: Al-Muminun — The Believers (Revealed at Makkah: 6 sections, 118 verses)

Section 5 (Verses 23:78–23:92): Polytheism is Self-condemned


وَ ہُوَ الَّذِیۡۤ اَنۡشَاَ لَکُمُ السَّمۡعَ وَ الۡاَبۡصَارَ وَ الۡاَفۡـِٕدَۃَ ؕ قَلِیۡلًا مَّا تَشۡکُرُوۡنَ ﴿۷۸﴾

23:78 And He it is Who made for you the ears and the eyes and the hearts. Little thanks you give!

وَ ہُوَ الَّذِیۡ ذَرَاَکُمۡ فِی الۡاَرۡضِ وَ اِلَیۡہِ تُحۡشَرُوۡنَ ﴿۷۹﴾

23:79 And He it is Who multiplied you in the earth, and to Him you will be gathered.

وَ ہُوَ الَّذِیۡ یُحۡیٖ وَ یُمِیۡتُ وَ لَہُ اخۡتِلَافُ الَّیۡلِ وَ النَّہَارِ ؕ اَفَلَا تَعۡقِلُوۡنَ ﴿۸۰﴾

23:80 And He it is Who gives life and causes death, and His is the alternation of the night and the day. Do you not then understand?

بَلۡ قَالُوۡا مِثۡلَ مَا قَالَ الۡاَوَّلُوۡنَ ﴿۸۱﴾

23:81 But they say the like of what the ancients said.

قَالُوۡۤا ءَ اِذَا مِتۡنَا وَ کُنَّا تُرَابًا وَّ عِظَامًا ءَ اِنَّا لَمَبۡعُوۡثُوۡنَ ﴿۸۲﴾

23:82 They say: When we die and become dust and bones, shall we then be raised up?

لَقَدۡ وُعِدۡنَا نَحۡنُ وَ اٰبَآؤُنَا ہٰذَا مِنۡ قَبۡلُ اِنۡ ہٰذَاۤ اِلَّاۤ اَسَاطِیۡرُ الۡاَوَّلِیۡنَ ﴿۸۳﴾

23:83 We are indeed promised this, and (so were) our fathers before. This is nothing but stories of the ancients!

قُلۡ لِّمَنِ الۡاَرۡضُ وَ مَنۡ فِیۡہَاۤ اِنۡ کُنۡتُمۡ تَعۡلَمُوۡنَ ﴿۸۴﴾

23:84 Say: Whose is the earth, and whoever is in it, if you know?

سَیَقُوۡلُوۡنَ لِلّٰہِ ؕ قُلۡ اَفَلَا تَذَکَّرُوۡنَ ﴿۸۵﴾

23:85 They will say: Allah’s. Say: Will you not then be mindful?

قُلۡ مَنۡ رَّبُّ السَّمٰوٰتِ السَّبۡعِ وَ رَبُّ الۡعَرۡشِ الۡعَظِیۡمِ ﴿۸۶﴾

23:86 Say: Who is the Lord of the seven heavens and the Lord of the mighty Throne of power?

سَیَقُوۡلُوۡنَ لِلّٰہِ ؕ قُلۡ اَفَلَا تَتَّقُوۡنَ ﴿۸۷﴾

23:87 They will say: (This is) Allah’s. Say: Will you not then guard against evil?

قُلۡ مَنۡۢ بِیَدِہٖ مَلَکُوۡتُ کُلِّ شَیۡءٍ وَّ ہُوَ یُجِیۡرُ وَ لَا یُجَارُ عَلَیۡہِ اِنۡ کُنۡتُمۡ تَعۡلَمُوۡنَ ﴿۸۸﴾

23:88 Say: Who is it in Whose hand is the kingdom of all things and He protects, and none is protected against Him, if you know?

سَیَقُوۡلُوۡنَ لِلّٰہِ ؕ قُلۡ فَاَنّٰی تُسۡحَرُوۡنَ ﴿۸۹﴾

23:89 They will say: (This is) Allah’s. Say: From what are you then deceived?

بَلۡ اَتَیۡنٰہُمۡ بِالۡحَقِّ وَ اِنَّہُمۡ لَکٰذِبُوۡنَ ﴿۹۰﴾

23:90 Indeed, We have brought them the Truth and surely they are liars.

مَا اتَّخَذَ اللّٰہُ مِنۡ وَّلَدٍ وَّ مَا کَانَ مَعَہٗ مِنۡ اِلٰہٍ اِذًا لَّذَہَبَ کُلُّ اِلٰہٍۭ بِمَا خَلَقَ وَ لَعَلَا بَعۡضُہُمۡ عَلٰی بَعۡضٍ ؕ سُبۡحٰنَ اللّٰہِ عَمَّا یَصِفُوۡنَ ﴿ۙ۹۱﴾

23:91 Allah has not taken to Himself a son, nor is there with Him any (other) god — in that case would each god have taken away what he created, and some of them would have overpowered others. Glory be to Allah above what they describe —

عٰلِمِ الۡغَیۡبِ وَ الشَّہَادَۃِ فَتَعٰلٰی عَمَّا یُشۡرِکُوۡنَ ﴿٪۹۲﴾

23:92 The Knower of the unseen and the seen; so may He be exalted above what they set up as partners (with Him)!