English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 26: Al-Shuara — The Poets (Revealed at Makkah: 11 sections, 227 verses)

Section 10 (Verses 26:176–26:191): History of Shuaib


کَذَّبَ اَصۡحٰبُ لۡـَٔـیۡکَۃِ الۡمُرۡسَلِیۡنَ ﴿۱۷۶﴾ۚۖ

26:176 The dwellers of the grove rejected the messengers.1

اِذۡ قَالَ لَہُمۡ شُعَیۡبٌ اَلَا تَتَّقُوۡنَ ﴿۱۷۷﴾ۚ

26:177 When Shuaib said to them: Will you not guard against evil?

اِنِّیۡ لَکُمۡ رَسُوۡلٌ اَمِیۡنٌ ﴿۱۷۸﴾ۙ

26:178 Surely I am a faithful messenger to you:

فَاتَّقُوا اللّٰہَ وَ اَطِیۡعُوۡنِ ﴿۱۷۹﴾ۚ

26:179 So keep your duty to Allah and obey me.

وَ مَاۤ اَسۡـَٔلُکُمۡ عَلَیۡہِ مِنۡ اَجۡرٍ ۚ اِنۡ اَجۡرِیَ اِلَّا عَلٰی رَبِّ الۡعٰلَمِیۡنَ ﴿۱۸۰﴾ؕ

26:180 And I ask of you no reward for it: my reward is only with the Lord of the worlds.

اَوۡفُوا الۡکَیۡلَ وَ لَا تَکُوۡنُوۡا مِنَ الۡمُخۡسِرِیۡنَ ﴿۱۸۱﴾ۚ

26:181 Give full measure and do not diminish.

وَ زِنُوۡا بِالۡقِسۡطَاسِ الۡمُسۡتَقِیۡمِ ﴿۱۸۲﴾ۚ

26:182 And weigh with a true balance.

وَ لَا تَبۡخَسُوا النَّاسَ اَشۡیَآءَہُمۡ وَ لَا تَعۡثَوۡا فِی الۡاَرۡضِ مُفۡسِدِیۡنَ ﴿۱۸۳﴾ۚ

26:183 And do not wrong people of their dues, nor act corruptly in the earth, making mischief.

وَ اتَّقُوا الَّذِیۡ خَلَقَکُمۡ وَ الۡجِبِلَّۃَ الۡاَوَّلِیۡنَ ﴿۱۸۴﴾ؕ

26:184 And keep your duty to Him Who created you and the former generations.

قَالُوۡۤا اِنَّمَاۤ اَنۡتَ مِنَ الۡمُسَحَّرِیۡنَ ﴿۱۸۵﴾ۙ

26:185 They said: You are only a deluded person,

وَ مَاۤ اَنۡتَ اِلَّا بَشَرٌ مِّثۡلُنَا وَ اِنۡ نَّظُنُّکَ لَمِنَ الۡکٰذِبِیۡنَ ﴿۱۸۶﴾ۚ

26:186 and you are nothing but a mortal like ourselves, and we think you are a liar.

فَاَسۡقِطۡ عَلَیۡنَا کِسَفًا مِّنَ السَّمَآءِ اِنۡ کُنۡتَ مِنَ الصّٰدِقِیۡنَ ﴿۱۸۷﴾ؕ

26:187 So cause a portion of the heaven to fall on us, if you are truthful.2

قَالَ رَبِّیۡۤ اَعۡلَمُ بِمَا تَعۡمَلُوۡنَ ﴿۱۸۸﴾

26:188 He said: My Lord knows best what you do.3

فَکَذَّبُوۡہُ فَاَخَذَہُمۡ عَذَابُ یَوۡمِ الظُّلَّۃِ ؕ اِنَّہٗ کَانَ عَذَابَ یَوۡمٍ عَظِیۡمٍ ﴿۱۸۹﴾

26:189 But they rejected him, so the punishment of the day of Covering befell them. Surely it was the punishment of a grievous day!4

اِنَّ فِیۡ ذٰلِکَ لَاٰیَۃً ؕ وَ مَا کَانَ اَکۡثَرُہُمۡ مُّؤۡمِنِیۡنَ ﴿۱۹۰﴾

26:190 Surely there is a sign in this, yet most of them do not believe.

وَ اِنَّ رَبَّکَ لَہُوَ الۡعَزِیۡزُ الرَّحِیۡمُ ﴿۱۹۱﴾٪

26:191 And surely your Lord is the Mighty, the Merciful.


  1. They are the same as the people of Midian.
  2. A portion of the heaven signifies a punishment from heaven.
  3. The demand for the threatened punishment is always met with ex­pressions signifying that the matter rests in the hands of Allah. Such statements are really equivalent to saying that the thing will certainly come to pass.
  4. The day of punishment is called the day of Covering because it covered them with punishment.