English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)
by Maulana Muhammad Ali
Chapter 28: Al-Qasas — The Narrative (Revealed at Makkah: 9 sections, 88 verses)
Section 7 (Verses 28:61–28:75): Opponents Shall be Brought Low
اَفَمَنۡ وَّعَدۡنٰہُ وَعۡدًا حَسَنًا فَہُوَ لَاقِیۡہِ کَمَنۡ مَّتَّعۡنٰہُ مَتَاعَ الۡحَیٰوۃِ الدُّنۡیَا ثُمَّ ہُوَ یَوۡمَ الۡقِیٰمَۃِ مِنَ الۡمُحۡضَرِیۡنَ ﴿۶۱﴾
28:61 Is he to whom We have promised a goodly promise, which he will meet with, like him whom We have provided with the provisions of this world’s life, then on the day of Resurrection he will be of those brought up (for punishment)?1
وَ یَوۡمَ یُنَادِیۡہِمۡ فَیَقُوۡلُ اَیۡنَ شُرَکَآءِیَ الَّذِیۡنَ کُنۡتُمۡ تَزۡعُمُوۡنَ ﴿۶۲﴾
28:62 And the day when He will call them and say: Where are those whom you asserted to be My partners?
قَالَ الَّذِیۡنَ حَقَّ عَلَیۡہِمُ الۡقَوۡلُ رَبَّنَا ہٰۤؤُلَآءِ الَّذِیۡنَ اَغۡوَیۡنَا ۚ اَغۡوَیۡنٰہُمۡ کَمَا غَوَیۡنَا ۚ تَبَرَّاۡنَاۤ اِلَیۡکَ ۫ مَا کَانُوۡۤا اِیَّانَا یَعۡبُدُوۡنَ ﴿۶۳﴾
28:63 Those against whom the word has proved true will say: Our Lord, these are they whom we caused to deviate — we caused them to deviate as we ourselves deviated. We declare our innocence before You. Us they never worshipped.2
وَ قِیۡلَ ادۡعُوۡا شُرَکَآءَکُمۡ فَدَعَوۡہُمۡ فَلَمۡ یَسۡتَجِیۡبُوۡا لَہُمۡ وَ رَاَوُا الۡعَذَابَ ۚ لَوۡ اَنَّہُمۡ کَانُوۡا یَہۡتَدُوۡنَ ﴿۶۴﴾
28:64 And it will be said: Call your associate-gods. So they will call upon them, but they will not answer them, and they will see the punishment. If only they had followed the right way!
وَ یَوۡمَ یُنَادِیۡہِمۡ فَیَقُوۡلُ مَاذَاۤ اَجَبۡتُمُ الۡمُرۡسَلِیۡنَ ﴿۶۵﴾
28:65 And the day He will call them, then say: What was the answer you gave to the messengers?
فَعَمِیَتۡ عَلَیۡہِمُ الۡاَنۡۢبَآءُ یَوۡمَئِذٍ فَہُمۡ لَا یَتَسَآءَلُوۡنَ ﴿۶۶﴾
28:66 On that day excuses will become obscure to them, so they will not ask each other.3
فَاَمَّا مَنۡ تَابَ وَ اٰمَنَ وَ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَعَسٰۤی اَنۡ یَّکُوۡنَ مِنَ الۡمُفۡلِحِیۡنَ ﴿۶۷﴾
28:67 But as to him who repents and believes and does good, maybe he will be among the successful.
وَ رَبُّکَ یَخۡلُقُ مَا یَشَآءُ وَ یَخۡتَارُ ؕ مَا کَانَ لَہُمُ الۡخِیَرَۃُ ؕ سُبۡحٰنَ اللّٰہِ وَ تَعٰلٰی عَمَّا یُشۡرِکُوۡنَ ﴿۶۸﴾
28:68 And your Lord creates and chooses whom He pleases. To choose is not theirs. Glory be to Allah and supremely exalted is He above what they set up as partners (with Him)!
وَ رَبُّکَ یَعۡلَمُ مَا تُکِنُّ صُدُوۡرُہُمۡ وَ مَا یُعۡلِنُوۡنَ ﴿۶۹﴾
28:69 And your Lord knows what their hearts conceal and what they proclaim.
وَ ہُوَ اللّٰہُ لَاۤ اِلٰہَ اِلَّا ہُوَ ؕ لَہُ الۡحَمۡدُ فِی الۡاُوۡلٰی وَ الۡاٰخِرَۃِ ۫ وَ لَہُ الۡحُکۡمُ وَ اِلَیۡہِ تُرۡجَعُوۡنَ ﴿۷۰﴾
28:70 And He is Allah, there is no God but He! His is the praise in this (life) and the Hereafter; and His is the judgment, and to Him you will be brought back.
قُلۡ اَرَءَیۡتُمۡ اِنۡ جَعَلَ اللّٰہُ عَلَیۡکُمُ الَّیۡلَ سَرۡمَدًا اِلٰی یَوۡمِ الۡقِیٰمَۃِ مَنۡ اِلٰہٌ غَیۡرُ اللّٰہِ یَاۡتِیۡکُمۡ بِضِیَآءٍ ؕ اَفَلَا تَسۡمَعُوۡنَ ﴿۷۱﴾
28:71 Say: Do you see if Allah were to make the night to continue incessantly on you till the day of Resurrection, who is the god besides Allah that could bring you light? Will you not then hear?
قُلۡ اَرَءَیۡتُمۡ اِنۡ جَعَلَ اللّٰہُ عَلَیۡکُمُ النَّہَارَ سَرۡمَدًا اِلٰی یَوۡمِ الۡقِیٰمَۃِ مَنۡ اِلٰہٌ غَیۡرُ اللّٰہِ یَاۡتِیۡکُمۡ بِلَیۡلٍ تَسۡکُنُوۡنَ فِیۡہِ ؕ اَفَلَا تُبۡصِرُوۡنَ ﴿۷۲﴾
28:72 Say: Do you see if Allah were to make the day to continue incessantly on you till the day of Resurrection, who is the god besides Allah that could bring you the night in which you take rest? Do you not then see?
وَ مِنۡ رَّحۡمَتِہٖ جَعَلَ لَکُمُ الَّیۡلَ وَ النَّہَارَ لِتَسۡکُنُوۡا فِیۡہِ وَ لِتَبۡتَغُوۡا مِنۡ فَضۡلِہٖ وَ لَعَلَّکُمۡ تَشۡکُرُوۡنَ ﴿۷۳﴾
28:73 And out of His mercy He has made for you the night and the day, that you may rest in it, and that you may seek of His grace (in the day), and that you may give thanks.
وَ یَوۡمَ یُنَادِیۡہِمۡ فَیَقُوۡلُ اَیۡنَ شُرَکَآءِیَ الَّذِیۡنَ کُنۡتُمۡ تَزۡعُمُوۡنَ ﴿۷۴﴾
28:74 And the day when He will call them and say: Where are those whom you asserted to be My partners?
وَ نَزَعۡنَا مِنۡ کُلِّ اُمَّۃٍ شَہِیۡدًا فَقُلۡنَا ہَاتُوۡا بُرۡہَانَکُمۡ فَعَلِمُوۡۤا اَنَّ الۡحَقَّ لِلّٰہِ وَ ضَلَّ عَنۡہُمۡ مَّا کَانُوۡا یَفۡتَرُوۡنَ ﴿٪۷۵﴾
28:75 And We shall draw forth from among every nation a witness and say: Bring your proof. Then shall they know that the Truth is Allah’s and what they forged will fail them.
- There are two parties spoken of here: the Prophet and his followers, who have received a goodly promise from Allah, though weak and oppressed at the time, and the powerful enemy, who has all the provisions of life in his possession, but who will one day be called upon to receive judgment. ↩
- By those against whom the word has proved true are meant the leaders in unbelief. Their saying Us they never worshipped shows that these very leaders are spoken of as the gods whom their followers worship. ↩
- They will not be able to offer an excuse, for the vanity of the false excuses, which satisfied them here, would then become manifest to them. Nor will they ask each other, for each will know the falsity of the excuses of the others. ↩