English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)
by Maulana Muhammad Ali
Chapter 28: Al-Qasas — The Narrative (Revealed at Makkah: 9 sections, 88 verses)
Section 9 (Verses 28:83–28:88): The Prophet will Return to Makkah
تِلۡکَ الدَّارُ الۡاٰخِرَۃُ نَجۡعَلُہَا لِلَّذِیۡنَ لَا یُرِیۡدُوۡنَ عُلُوًّا فِی الۡاَرۡضِ وَ لَا فَسَادًا ؕ وَ الۡعَاقِبَۃُ لِلۡمُتَّقِیۡنَ ﴿۸۳﴾
مَنۡ جَآءَ بِالۡحَسَنَۃِ فَلَہٗ خَیۡرٌ مِّنۡہَا ۚ وَ مَنۡ جَآءَ بِالسَّیِّئَۃِ فَلَا یُجۡزَی الَّذِیۡنَ عَمِلُوا السَّیِّاٰتِ اِلَّا مَا کَانُوۡا یَعۡمَلُوۡنَ ﴿۸۴﴾
28:84 Whoever brings good, he will have better than it; and whoever brings evil, those who do evil will be recompensed only for what they did.
اِنَّ الَّذِیۡ فَرَضَ عَلَیۡکَ الۡقُرۡاٰنَ لَرَآدُّکَ اِلٰی مَعَادٍ ؕ قُلۡ رَّبِّیۡۤ اَعۡلَمُ مَنۡ جَآءَ بِالۡہُدٰی وَ مَنۡ ہُوَ فِیۡ ضَلٰلٍ مُّبِیۡنٍ ﴿۸۵﴾
28:85 He Who has made the Quran binding on you will surely bring you back to the Place of Return.1 Say: My Lord knows best him who has brought the guidance and him who is in manifest error.
وَ مَا کُنۡتَ تَرۡجُوۡۤا اَنۡ یُّلۡقٰۤی اِلَیۡکَ الۡکِتٰبُ اِلَّا رَحۡمَۃً مِّنۡ رَّبِّکَ فَلَا تَکُوۡنَنَّ ظَہِیۡرًا لِّلۡکٰفِرِیۡنَ ﴿۫۸۶﴾
28:86 And you did not expect that the Book would be inspired to you, but it is a mercy from your Lord, so do not be a backer of the disbelievers.
وَ لَا یَصُدُّنَّکَ عَنۡ اٰیٰتِ اللّٰہِ بَعۡدَ اِذۡ اُنۡزِلَتۡ اِلَیۡکَ وَ ادۡعُ اِلٰی رَبِّکَ وَ لَا تَکُوۡنَنَّ مِنَ الۡمُشۡرِکِیۡنَ ﴿ۚ۸۷﴾
28:87 And let them not turn you aside from the messages of Allah after they have been revealed to you, and call (people) to your Lord and do not be of those who set up partners (with Allah).
وَ لَا تَدۡعُ مَعَ اللّٰہِ اِلٰـہًا اٰخَرَ ۘ لَاۤ اِلٰہَ اِلَّا ہُوَ ۟ کُلُّ شَیۡءٍ ہَالِکٌ اِلَّا وَجۡہَہٗ ؕ لَہُ الۡحُکۡمُ وَ اِلَیۡہِ تُرۡجَعُوۡنَ ﴿٪۸۸﴾
28:88 And do not call with Allah any other god. There is no God but He. Everything will perish but He. His is the judgment, and to Him you will be brought back.
- The “Place of Return” (ma‘ād) here has been taken to mean Makkah in classical interpretations, because the conquest of it was promised to the Prophet, so that it was the place to which he would return. But Makkah is really called the Place of Return because the pilgrims return to it. According to some, this verse was revealed on the Prophet’s departure from Makkah, i.e., on his way to Madinah. It contains a clear promise of the Prophet being brought back to the city from which he was now being expelled. ↩