English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 30: Ar-Rum — The Romans (Revealed at Makkah: 6 sections, 60 verses)


This chapter is named after its prophecy of the victory of the Romans over the Persians. Disclosing this news, it also prophesies a great Muslim victory over their oppressors. The respective conditions of the two groups will soon be reversed, it adds. It goes on to say that the same Divine power which controls physical nature will bring about the triumph of Islam, and that as Islam appeals to man’s inner nature itself it will be accepted universally. Finally, it states that a great moral transformation will be brought about in Arabia by Islam and the mighty opposition to it will be overthrown. Chapters 29 to 32 form one group revealed near the close of the early period at Makkah.

List of Sections (Rukus):

  1. A Great Prophecy (Verses 30:1–30:10)
  2. The Two Parties (Verses 30:11–30:19)
  3. Manifestations of Divine Power in Nature (Verses 30:20–30:27)
  4. Appeal to Human Nature (Verses 30:28–30:40)
  5. A Transformation (Verses 30:41–30:53)
  6. Overthrow of Opposition (Verses 30:54–30:60)