English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 30: Ar-Rum — The Romans (Revealed at Makkah: 6 sections, 60 verses)

Section 2 (Verses 30:11–30:19): The Two Parties


اَللّٰہُ یَبۡدَؤُا الۡخَلۡقَ ثُمَّ یُعِیۡدُہٗ ثُمَّ اِلَیۡہِ تُرۡجَعُوۡنَ ﴿۱۱﴾

30:11 Allah originates the creation, then reproduces it, then to Him you will be returned.

وَ یَوۡمَ تَقُوۡمُ السَّاعَۃُ یُبۡلِسُ الۡمُجۡرِمُوۡنَ ﴿۱۲﴾

30:12 And the day when the Hour comes, the guilty will despair.

وَ لَمۡ یَکُنۡ لَّہُمۡ مِّنۡ شُرَکَآئِہِمۡ شُفَعٰٓؤُا وَ کَانُوۡا بِشُرَکَآئِہِمۡ کٰفِرِیۡنَ ﴿۱۳﴾

30:13 And they will have no intercessors from among their associate-gods, and they will deny their associate-gods.

وَ یَوۡمَ تَقُوۡمُ السَّاعَۃُ یَوۡمَئِذٍ یَّتَفَرَّقُوۡنَ ﴿۱۴﴾

30:14 And the day when the Hour comes, that day they will be separated one from the other.

فَاَمَّا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا وَ عَمِلُوا الصّٰلِحٰتِ فَہُمۡ فِیۡ رَوۡضَۃٍ یُّحۡبَرُوۡنَ ﴿۱۵﴾

30:15 Then as to those who believed and did good, they will be made happy in a garden.

وَ اَمَّا الَّذِیۡنَ کَفَرُوۡا وَ کَذَّبُوۡا بِاٰیٰتِنَا وَ لِقَآیِٔ الۡاٰخِرَۃِ فَاُولٰٓئِکَ فِی الۡعَذَابِ مُحۡضَرُوۡنَ ﴿۱۶﴾

30:16 And as for those who disbelieved and rejected Our messages and the meeting of the Hereafter, they will be brought to punishment.

فَسُبۡحٰنَ اللّٰہِ حِیۡنَ تُمۡسُوۡنَ وَ حِیۡنَ تُصۡبِحُوۡنَ ﴿۱۷﴾

30:17 So glory be to Allah when you enter the evening and when you enter the morning.

وَ لَہُ الۡحَمۡدُ فِی السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ الۡاَرۡضِ وَ عَشِیًّا وَّ حِیۡنَ تُظۡہِرُوۡنَ ﴿۱۸﴾

30:18 And to Him be praise in the heavens and the earth, and in the afternoon, and when the sun declines.1

یُخۡرِجُ الۡحَیَّ مِنَ الۡمَیِّتِ وَ یُخۡرِجُ الۡمَیِّتَ مِنَ الۡحَیِّ وَ یُحۡیِ الۡاَرۡضَ بَعۡدَ مَوۡتِہَا ؕ وَ کَذٰلِکَ تُخۡرَجُوۡنَ ﴿٪۱۹﴾

30:19 He brings forth the living from the dead and brings forth the dead from the living, and gives life to the earth after its death. And thus will you be brought forth.2


  1. The five times of prayer are clearly indicated in this and the previous verse, the evening prayer comprising both the prayer at sunset and the later eve­ning prayer. The five times of prayer were observed at Makkah, and places at which the Muslims gathered for prayers are mentioned in reports relating to very early days of the Prophet’s mission.
  2. This clearly points to the rising of a great nation from the Arabs, who were spiritually as well as intellectually dead.