English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)
by Maulana Muhammad Ali
Chapter 30: Ar-Rum — The Romans (Revealed at Makkah: 6 sections, 60 verses)
Section 3 (Verses 30:20–30:27): Manifestations of Divine Power in Nature
وَ مِنۡ اٰیٰتِہٖۤ اَنۡ خَلَقَکُمۡ مِّنۡ تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ اِذَاۤ اَنۡتُمۡ بَشَرٌ تَنۡتَشِرُوۡنَ ﴿۲۰﴾
وَ مِنۡ اٰیٰتِہٖۤ اَنۡ خَلَقَ لَکُمۡ مِّنۡ اَنۡفُسِکُمۡ اَزۡوَاجًا لِّتَسۡکُنُوۡۤا اِلَیۡہَا وَ جَعَلَ بَیۡنَکُمۡ مَّوَدَّۃً وَّ رَحۡمَۃً ؕ اِنَّ فِیۡ ذٰلِکَ لَاٰیٰتٍ لِّقَوۡمٍ یَّتَفَکَّرُوۡنَ ﴿۲۱﴾
30:21 And of His signs is this, that He created mates for you from yourselves that you might find quiet of mind in them, and He put between you love and compassion.1 Surely there are signs in this for a people who reflect.
وَ مِنۡ اٰیٰتِہٖ خَلۡقُ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ الۡاَرۡضِ وَ اخۡتِلَافُ اَلۡسِنَتِکُمۡ وَ اَلۡوَانِکُمۡ ؕ اِنَّ فِیۡ ذٰلِکَ لَاٰیٰتٍ لِّلۡعٰلِمِیۡنَ ﴿۲۲﴾
30:22 And of His signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth and the diversity of your tongues and colours. Surely there are signs in this for the learned.
وَ مِنۡ اٰیٰتِہٖ مَنَامُکُمۡ بِالَّیۡلِ وَ النَّہَارِ وَ ابۡتِغَآؤُکُمۡ مِّنۡ فَضۡلِہٖ ؕ اِنَّ فِیۡ ذٰلِکَ لَاٰیٰتٍ لِّقَوۡمٍ یَّسۡمَعُوۡنَ ﴿۲۳﴾
30:23 And of His signs is your sleep by night and by day and your seeking of His bounty. Surely there are signs in this for a people who would hear.
وَ مِنۡ اٰیٰتِہٖ یُرِیۡکُمُ الۡبَرۡقَ خَوۡفًا وَّ طَمَعًا وَّ یُنَزِّلُ مِنَ السَّمَآءِ مَآءً فَیُحۡیٖ بِہِ الۡاَرۡضَ بَعۡدَ مَوۡتِہَا ؕ اِنَّ فِیۡ ذٰلِکَ لَاٰیٰتٍ لِّقَوۡمٍ یَّعۡقِلُوۡنَ ﴿۲۴﴾
30:24 And of His signs is this, that He shows you the lightning for fear and for hope, and sends down water from the cloud, then gives life with it to the earth after its death. Surely there are signs in this for a people who understand.
وَ مِنۡ اٰیٰتِہٖۤ اَنۡ تَقُوۡمَ السَّمَآءُ وَ الۡاَرۡضُ بِاَمۡرِہٖ ؕ ثُمَّ اِذَا دَعَاکُمۡ دَعۡوَۃً ٭ۖ مِّنَ الۡاَرۡضِ ٭ۖ اِذَاۤ اَنۡتُمۡ تَخۡرُجُوۡنَ ﴿۲۵﴾
30:25 And of His signs is this, that the heaven and the earth subsist by His command. Then when He calls you, from the earth, you come forth.
وَ لَہٗ مَنۡ فِی السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ الۡاَرۡضِ ؕ کُلٌّ لَّہٗ قٰنِتُوۡنَ ﴿۲۶﴾
30:26 And His is whosoever is in the heavens and the earth. All are obedient to Him.
وَ ہُوَ الَّذِیۡ یَبۡدَؤُا الۡخَلۡقَ ثُمَّ یُعِیۡدُہٗ وَ ہُوَ اَہۡوَنُ عَلَیۡہِ ؕ وَ لَہُ الۡمَثَلُ الۡاَعۡلٰی فِی السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ الۡاَرۡضِ ۚ وَ ہُوَ الۡعَزِیۡزُ الۡحَکِیۡمُ ﴿٪۲۷﴾
30:27 And He it is Who originates the creation, then reproduces it, and it is very easy to Him. And His is the most exalted state in the heavens and the earth; and He is the Mighty, the Wise.
- The close relation between the male and the female (i.e., husband and wife) is expressed here. These words do not imply the act of the physical creation of the female from the male. The Quran explains itself when it refers to the ties of love and compassion, and to the quietness of mind which a married person finds in his spouse. The verse gives us the Islamic ideal of marriage which serves the purpose not only of the increase of the human race but also that of the spiritual advancement of both the man and the woman by referring to the quietness of mind which they find in each other. ↩