English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 30: Ar-Rum — The Romans (Revealed at Makkah: 6 sections, 60 verses)

Section 6 (Verses 30:54–30:60): Overthrow of Opposition


اَللّٰہُ الَّذِیۡ خَلَقَکُمۡ مِّنۡ ضُؔعۡفٍ ثُمَّ جَعَلَ مِنۡۢ بَعۡدِ ضُؔعۡفٍ قُوَّۃً ثُمَّ جَعَلَ مِنۡۢ بَعۡدِ قُوَّۃٍ ضُؔعۡفًا وَّ شَیۡبَۃً ؕ یَخۡلُقُ مَا یَشَآءُ ۚ وَ ہُوَ الۡعَلِیۡمُ الۡقَدِیۡرُ ﴿۵۴﴾

30:54 Allah is He Who created you from a state of weakness, then He gave strength after weakness, then ordained weakness and grey hair after strength.1 He creates what He pleases, and He is the Knowing, the Powerful.

وَ یَوۡمَ تَقُوۡمُ السَّاعَۃُ یُقۡسِمُ الۡمُجۡرِمُوۡنَ ۬ۙ مَا لَبِثُوۡا غَیۡرَ سَاعَۃٍ ؕ کَذٰلِکَ کَانُوۡا یُؤۡفَکُوۡنَ ﴿۵۵﴾

30:55 And the day when the Hour comes, the guilty will swear: They did not remain but an hour. Thus are they ever turned away (from truth).

وَ قَالَ الَّذِیۡنَ اُوۡتُوا الۡعِلۡمَ وَ الۡاِیۡمَانَ لَقَدۡ لَبِثۡتُمۡ فِیۡ کِتٰبِ اللّٰہِ اِلٰی یَوۡمِ الۡبَعۡثِ ۫ فَہٰذَا یَوۡمُ الۡبَعۡثِ وَ لٰکِنَّکُمۡ کُنۡتُمۡ لَا تَعۡلَمُوۡنَ ﴿۵۶﴾

30:56 And those who are given knowledge and faith will say: Certainly you remained according to the ordinance of Allah till the day of Resurrection — so this is the day of Resurrection — but you did not know.

فَیَوۡمَئِذٍ لَّا یَنۡفَعُ الَّذِیۡنَ ظَلَمُوۡا مَعۡذِرَتُہُمۡ وَ لَا ہُمۡ یُسۡتَعۡتَبُوۡنَ ﴿۵۷﴾

30:57 So that day their excuse will not benefit those who were unjust, nor will they be granted goodwill.

وَ لَقَدۡ ضَرَبۡنَا لِلنَّاسِ فِیۡ ہٰذَا الۡقُرۡاٰنِ مِنۡ کُلِّ مَثَلٍ ؕ وَ لَئِنۡ جِئۡتَہُمۡ بِاٰیَۃٍ لَّیَقُوۡلَنَّ الَّذِیۡنَ کَفَرُوۡۤا اِنۡ اَنۡتُمۡ اِلَّا مُبۡطِلُوۡنَ ﴿۵۸﴾

30:58 And certainly We have set forth for people in this Quran every kind of description. And if you bring them a sign, those who disbelieve would certainly say: You are only deceivers.

کَذٰلِکَ یَطۡبَعُ اللّٰہُ عَلٰی قُلُوۡبِ الَّذِیۡنَ لَا یَعۡلَمُوۡنَ ﴿۵۹﴾

30:59 Thus does Allah seal the hearts of those who do not know.2

فَاصۡبِرۡ اِنَّ وَعۡدَ اللّٰہِ حَقٌّ وَّ لَا یَسۡتَخِفَّنَّکَ الَّذِیۡنَ لَا یُوۡقِنُوۡنَ ﴿٪۶۰﴾

30:60 So be patient; surely the promise of Allah is true; and let not those disquiet you who have no certainty.


  1. There is a deeper reference here to the law of the rise, growth and decay of nations.
  2. Allah’s sealing the hearts thus really means their own persistence in disbelief and wickedness, as the preceding verse shows.