English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 31: Luqman — Luqman (Revealed at Makkah: 4 sections, 34 verses)


The name of this chapter is taken from that of the Ethiopian sage, Luqmān, to whose story it refers. It deals with the following topics: success to be attained by the Muslims, wise advice of Luqmān to his son, now meant for Muslims, greatness of Divine power, and the doom of the mighty opponents of truth. Chapters 29 to 32 form one group revealed near the close of the early period at Makkah.

List of Sections (Rukus):

  1. Believers will be Successful (Verses 31:1–31:11)
  2. Luqman’s Advice to his Son (Verses 31:12–31:19)
  3. Greatness of Divine Power (Verses 31:20–31:30)
  4. The Doom Comes (Verses 31:31–31:34)