English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 36: Ya Sin — Ya Sin (Revealed at Makkah: 5 sections, 83 verses)

Section 4 (Verses 36:51–36:67): Reward and Punishment


وَ نُفِخَ فِی الصُّوۡرِ فَاِذَا ہُمۡ مِّنَ الۡاَجۡدَاثِ اِلٰی رَبِّہِمۡ یَنۡسِلُوۡنَ ﴿۵۱﴾

36:51 And the trumpet is blown, when lo! from their graves they will hasten on to their Lord.

قَالُوۡا یٰوَیۡلَنَا مَنۡۢ بَعَثَنَا مِنۡ مَّرۡقَدِنَا ٜۘؐ ہٰذَا مَا وَعَدَ الرَّحۡمٰنُ وَ صَدَقَ الۡمُرۡسَلُوۡنَ ﴿۵۲﴾

36:52 They will say: O woe to us! Who has raised us up from our sleeping-place?1 This is what the Bene-ficent promised and the messengers told the truth.

اِنۡ کَانَتۡ اِلَّا صَیۡحَۃً وَّاحِدَۃً فَاِذَا ہُمۡ جَمِیۡعٌ لَّدَیۡنَا مُحۡضَرُوۡنَ ﴿۵۳﴾

36:53 It is but a single cry, when lo! they are all brought before Us.

فَالۡیَوۡمَ لَا تُظۡلَمُ نَفۡسٌ شَیۡئًا وَّ لَا تُجۡزَوۡنَ اِلَّا مَا کُنۡتُمۡ تَعۡمَلُوۡنَ ﴿۵۴﴾

36:54 So this day no soul is wronged in the least and you are only rewarded for what you did.

اِنَّ اَصۡحٰبَ الۡجَنَّۃِ الۡیَوۡمَ فِیۡ شُغُلٍ فٰکِہُوۡنَ ﴿ۚ۵۵﴾

36:55 Surely the owners of the Garden are on that day in a happy occupation.

ہُمۡ وَ اَزۡوَاجُہُمۡ فِیۡ ظِلٰلٍ عَلَی الۡاَرَآئِکِ مُتَّکِـُٔوۡنَ ﴿۵۶﴾

36:56 They and their wives are in shades, reclining on raised couches.

لَہُمۡ فِیۡہَا فَاکِہَۃٌ وَّ لَہُمۡ مَّا یَدَّعُوۡنَ ﴿ۚۖ۵۷﴾

36:57 In it they have fruits and they have whatever they desire.

سَلٰمٌ ۟ قَوۡلًا مِّنۡ رَّبٍّ رَّحِیۡمٍ ﴿۵۸﴾

36:58 Peace! A word from a Merciful Lord.2

وَ امۡتَازُوا الۡیَوۡمَ اَیُّہَا الۡمُجۡرِمُوۡنَ ﴿۵۹﴾

36:59 And withdraw today, O guilty ones!

اَلَمۡ اَعۡہَدۡ اِلَیۡکُمۡ یٰبَنِیۡۤ اٰدَمَ اَنۡ لَّا تَعۡبُدُوا الشَّیۡطٰنَ ۚ اِنَّہٗ لَکُمۡ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِیۡنٌ ﴿ۙ۶۰﴾

36:60 Did I not charge you, O children of Adam, not to serve the devil? Surely he is your open enemy.

وَّ اَنِ اعۡبُدُوۡنِیۡ ؕؔ ہٰذَا صِرَاطٌ مُّسۡتَقِیۡمٌ ﴿۶۱﴾

36:61 And that you serve Me. This is the right way.

وَ لَقَدۡ اَضَلَّ مِنۡکُمۡ جِبِلًّا کَثِیۡرًا ؕ اَفَلَمۡ تَکُوۡنُوۡا تَعۡقِلُوۡنَ ﴿۶۲﴾

36:62 And certainly he led astray numerous people from among you. Could you not then understand?

ہٰذِہٖ جَہَنَّمُ الَّتِیۡ کُنۡتُمۡ تُوۡعَدُوۡنَ ﴿۶۳﴾

36:63 This is the hell which you were promised.

اِصۡلَوۡہَا الۡیَوۡمَ بِمَا کُنۡتُمۡ تَکۡفُرُوۡنَ ﴿۶۴﴾

36:64 Enter it this day because you disbelieved.

اَلۡیَوۡمَ نَخۡتِمُ عَلٰۤی اَفۡوَاہِہِمۡ وَ تُکَلِّمُنَاۤ اَیۡدِیۡہِمۡ وَ تَشۡہَدُ اَرۡجُلُہُمۡ بِمَا کَانُوۡا یَکۡسِبُوۡنَ ﴿۶۵﴾

36:65 That day We shall seal their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, and their feet will bear witness as to what they earned.

وَ لَوۡ نَشَآءُ لَطَمَسۡنَا عَلٰۤی اَعۡیُنِہِمۡ فَاسۡتَبَقُوا الصِّرَاطَ فَاَنّٰی یُبۡصِرُوۡنَ ﴿۶۶﴾

36:66 And if We pleased, We would put out their eyes, then they would struggle to get ahead to (find) the way, but how should they see?3

وَ لَوۡ نَشَآءُ لَمَسَخۡنٰہُمۡ عَلٰی مَکَانَتِہِمۡ فَمَا اسۡتَطَاعُوۡا مُضِیًّا وَّ لَا یَرۡجِعُوۡنَ ﴿٪۶۷﴾

36:67 And if We pleased, We would transform them in their place so they would be unable to go on or turn back.4


  1. The grave is called a sleeping-place even for the disbelievers, because, as compared with the severer punishment of hell, the grave would be to them a sleeping-place. It should be noted that the grave signifies the condition after life is ended in this world.
  2. Here we have another picture of the Muslim paradise. After describ­ing the various blessings, it sums them up in a single word, peace.
  3. These are the reprobate. They shut their eyes to the truth with such persistence that their eyes become blind; they no longer see, even if they would.
  4. The meaning of transforming them in their place is taking away their power and rendering them weak and turning them into an evil plight.