English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)
by Maulana Muhammad Ali
Chapter 36: Ya Sin — Ya Sin (Revealed at Makkah: 5 sections, 83 verses)
Section 4 (Verses 36:51–36:67): Reward and Punishment
وَ نُفِخَ فِی الصُّوۡرِ فَاِذَا ہُمۡ مِّنَ الۡاَجۡدَاثِ اِلٰی رَبِّہِمۡ یَنۡسِلُوۡنَ ﴿۵۱﴾
36:51 And the trumpet is blown, when lo! from their graves they will hasten on to their Lord.
قَالُوۡا یٰوَیۡلَنَا مَنۡۢ بَعَثَنَا مِنۡ مَّرۡقَدِنَا ٜۘؐ ہٰذَا مَا وَعَدَ الرَّحۡمٰنُ وَ صَدَقَ الۡمُرۡسَلُوۡنَ ﴿۵۲﴾
36:52 They will say: O woe to us! Who has raised us up from our sleeping-place?1 This is what the Bene-ficent promised and the messengers told the truth.
اِنۡ کَانَتۡ اِلَّا صَیۡحَۃً وَّاحِدَۃً فَاِذَا ہُمۡ جَمِیۡعٌ لَّدَیۡنَا مُحۡضَرُوۡنَ ﴿۵۳﴾
36:53 It is but a single cry, when lo! they are all brought before Us.
فَالۡیَوۡمَ لَا تُظۡلَمُ نَفۡسٌ شَیۡئًا وَّ لَا تُجۡزَوۡنَ اِلَّا مَا کُنۡتُمۡ تَعۡمَلُوۡنَ ﴿۵۴﴾
36:54 So this day no soul is wronged in the least and you are only rewarded for what you did.
اِنَّ اَصۡحٰبَ الۡجَنَّۃِ الۡیَوۡمَ فِیۡ شُغُلٍ فٰکِہُوۡنَ ﴿ۚ۵۵﴾
36:55 Surely the owners of the Garden are on that day in a happy occupation.
ہُمۡ وَ اَزۡوَاجُہُمۡ فِیۡ ظِلٰلٍ عَلَی الۡاَرَآئِکِ مُتَّکِـُٔوۡنَ ﴿۵۶﴾
36:56 They and their wives are in shades, reclining on raised couches.
لَہُمۡ فِیۡہَا فَاکِہَۃٌ وَّ لَہُمۡ مَّا یَدَّعُوۡنَ ﴿ۚۖ۵۷﴾
36:57 In it they have fruits and they have whatever they desire.
سَلٰمٌ ۟ قَوۡلًا مِّنۡ رَّبٍّ رَّحِیۡمٍ ﴿۵۸﴾
36:58 Peace! A word from a Merciful Lord.2
وَ امۡتَازُوا الۡیَوۡمَ اَیُّہَا الۡمُجۡرِمُوۡنَ ﴿۵۹﴾
36:59 And withdraw today, O guilty ones!
اَلَمۡ اَعۡہَدۡ اِلَیۡکُمۡ یٰبَنِیۡۤ اٰدَمَ اَنۡ لَّا تَعۡبُدُوا الشَّیۡطٰنَ ۚ اِنَّہٗ لَکُمۡ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِیۡنٌ ﴿ۙ۶۰﴾
36:60 Did I not charge you, O children of Adam, not to serve the devil? Surely he is your open enemy.
وَّ اَنِ اعۡبُدُوۡنِیۡ ؕؔ ہٰذَا صِرَاطٌ مُّسۡتَقِیۡمٌ ﴿۶۱﴾
36:61 And that you serve Me. This is the right way.
وَ لَقَدۡ اَضَلَّ مِنۡکُمۡ جِبِلًّا کَثِیۡرًا ؕ اَفَلَمۡ تَکُوۡنُوۡا تَعۡقِلُوۡنَ ﴿۶۲﴾
36:62 And certainly he led astray numerous people from among you. Could you not then understand?
ہٰذِہٖ جَہَنَّمُ الَّتِیۡ کُنۡتُمۡ تُوۡعَدُوۡنَ ﴿۶۳﴾
36:63 This is the hell which you were promised.
اِصۡلَوۡہَا الۡیَوۡمَ بِمَا کُنۡتُمۡ تَکۡفُرُوۡنَ ﴿۶۴﴾
36:64 Enter it this day because you disbelieved.
اَلۡیَوۡمَ نَخۡتِمُ عَلٰۤی اَفۡوَاہِہِمۡ وَ تُکَلِّمُنَاۤ اَیۡدِیۡہِمۡ وَ تَشۡہَدُ اَرۡجُلُہُمۡ بِمَا کَانُوۡا یَکۡسِبُوۡنَ ﴿۶۵﴾
36:65 That day We shall seal their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, and their feet will bear witness as to what they earned.
وَ لَوۡ نَشَآءُ لَطَمَسۡنَا عَلٰۤی اَعۡیُنِہِمۡ فَاسۡتَبَقُوا الصِّرَاطَ فَاَنّٰی یُبۡصِرُوۡنَ ﴿۶۶﴾
36:66 And if We pleased, We would put out their eyes, then they would struggle to get ahead to (find) the way, but how should they see?3
وَ لَوۡ نَشَآءُ لَمَسَخۡنٰہُمۡ عَلٰی مَکَانَتِہِمۡ فَمَا اسۡتَطَاعُوۡا مُضِیًّا وَّ لَا یَرۡجِعُوۡنَ ﴿٪۶۷﴾
36:67 And if We pleased, We would transform them in their place so they would be unable to go on or turn back.4
- The grave is called a sleeping-place even for the disbelievers, because, as compared with the severer punishment of hell, the grave would be to them a sleeping-place. It should be noted that the grave signifies the condition after life is ended in this world. ↩
- Here we have another picture of the Muslim paradise. After describing the various blessings, it sums them up in a single word, peace. ↩
- These are the reprobate. They shut their eyes to the truth with such persistence that their eyes become blind; they no longer see, even if they would. ↩
- The meaning of transforming them in their place is taking away their power and rendering them weak and turning them into an evil plight. ↩