English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)
by Maulana Muhammad Ali
Chapter 39: Az-Zumar — The Companies (Revealed at Makkah: 8 sections, 75 verses)
Section 7 (Verses 39:64–39:70): The Final Judgment
قُلۡ اَفَغَیۡرَ اللّٰہِ تَاۡمُرُوۡٓنِّیۡۤ اَعۡبُدُ اَیُّہَا الۡجٰہِلُوۡنَ ﴿۶۴﴾
وَ لَقَدۡ اُوۡحِیَ اِلَیۡکَ وَ اِلَی الَّذِیۡنَ مِنۡ قَبۡلِکَ ۚ لَئِنۡ اَشۡرَکۡتَ لَیَحۡبَطَنَّ عَمَلُکَ وَ لَتَکُوۡنَنَّ مِنَ الۡخٰسِرِیۡنَ ﴿۶۵﴾
39:65 And certainly it has been revealed to you and to those before you: If you set up partners (with Allah), your work would surely come to nothing and you would be a loser.
بَلِ اللّٰہَ فَاعۡبُدۡ وَ کُنۡ مِّنَ الشّٰکِرِیۡنَ ﴿۶۶﴾
39:66 No, serve Allah alone and be one of the thankful.
وَ مَا قَدَرُوا اللّٰہَ حَقَّ قَدۡرِہٖ ٭ۖ وَ الۡاَرۡضُ جَمِیۡعًا قَبۡضَتُہٗ یَوۡمَ الۡقِیٰمَۃِ وَ السَّمٰوٰتُ مَطۡوِیّٰتٌۢ بِیَمِیۡنِہٖ ؕ سُبۡحٰنَہٗ وَ تَعٰلٰی عَمَّا یُشۡرِکُوۡنَ ﴿۶۷﴾
39:67 And they do not honour Allah with the honour due to Him; and the whole earth will be in His grip on the day of Resurrection and the heavens rolled up in His right hand. Glory be to Him, and supremely exalted is He above what they set up as partners (with Him)!
وَ نُفِخَ فِی الصُّوۡرِ فَصَعِقَ مَنۡ فِی السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ مَنۡ فِی الۡاَرۡضِ اِلَّا مَنۡ شَآءَ اللّٰہُ ؕ ثُمَّ نُفِخَ فِیۡہِ اُخۡرٰی فَاِذَا ہُمۡ قِیَامٌ یَّنۡظُرُوۡنَ ﴿۶۸﴾
39:68 And the trumpet is blown, so all those in the heavens and all those in the earth will swoon, except such as Allah please. Then it will be blown again, when lo! they stand up, awaiting.1
وَ اَشۡرَقَتِ الۡاَرۡضُ بِنُوۡرِ رَبِّہَا وَ وُضِعَ الۡکِتٰبُ وَ جِایۡٓءَ بِالنَّبِیّٖنَ وَ الشُّہَدَآءِ وَ قُضِیَ بَیۡنَہُمۡ بِالۡحَقِّ وَ ہُمۡ لَا یُظۡلَمُوۡنَ ﴿۶۹﴾
39:69 And the earth beams with the light of its Lord, and the Book is laid down, and the prophets and the witnesses are brought up, and judgment is given between them with justice, and they are not wronged.2
وَ وُفِّیَتۡ کُلُّ نَفۡسٍ مَّا عَمِلَتۡ وَ ہُوَ اَعۡلَمُ بِمَا یَفۡعَلُوۡنَ ﴿٪۷۰﴾
39:70 And every soul is paid back fully for what it did, and He knows best what they do.
- See 6:73 footnote 2. Here it is stated that the trumpet is blown twice: at the first blowing all swoon, and at the second blowing they all stand up, awaiting to receive the judgment. A general destruction is thus followed by a resurrection. In the case of the spiritual resurrection, the destruction signifies the destruction of the old order. ↩
- The beaming of the earth with the light of its Lord in the Resurrection is in reference to the clear manifestation of the consequences of the deeds which remain generally hidden in this life. The laying down of the Book refers to the passing of the judgment on the good and the evil according to their deserts. The prophets and the witnesses are brought up, these being the people who sow the seeds of virtue and turn people’s minds to God. Prophets were sent to every nation, and the followers of the Prophet Muhammad, who take the place of the previous prophets in turning people’s minds to God, are the witnesses spoken of here; they are specially mentioned by this name in 2:143. A deeper reference to the spiritual resurrection is evident throughout. ↩