English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 4: Al-Nisa — Women (Revealed at Madinah: 24 sections, 176 verses)

Section 19 (Verses 4:127–4:134): Equitable Dealings with Orphans and Women

«MENU»

Translation:

وَ یَسۡتَفۡتُوۡنَکَ فِی النِّسَآءِ ؕ قُلِ اللّٰہُ یُفۡتِیۡکُمۡ فِیۡہِنَّ ۙ وَ مَا یُتۡلٰی عَلَیۡکُمۡ فِی الۡکِتٰبِ فِیۡ یَتٰمَی النِّسَآءِ الّٰتِیۡ لَاتُؤۡ تُوۡنَہُنَّ مَا کُتِبَ لَہُنَّ وَ تَرۡغَبُوۡنَ اَنۡ تَنۡکِحُوۡہُنَّ وَ الۡمُسۡتَضۡعَفِیۡنَ مِنَ الۡوِلۡدَانِ ۙ وَ اَنۡ تَقُوۡمُوۡا لِلۡیَتٰمٰی بِالۡقِسۡطِ ؕ وَ مَا تَفۡعَلُوۡا مِنۡ خَیۡرٍ فَاِنَّ اللّٰہَ کَانَ بِہٖ عَلِیۡمًا ﴿۱۲۷﴾

4:127 And they ask you a decision about women. Say: Allah makes known to you His decision concerning them; and what is recited to you in the Book is concerning widowed women, whom you do not give what is appointed for them, while you are not inclined to marry them, nor to the weak among children, and that you should deal justly with orphans. And whatever good you do, Allah is surely ever Knower of it.1

وَ اِنِ امۡرَاَۃٌ خَافَتۡ مِنۡۢ بَعۡلِہَا نُشُوۡزًا اَوۡ اِعۡرَاضًا فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَیۡہِمَاۤ اَنۡ یُّصۡلِحَا بَیۡنَہُمَا صُلۡحًا ؕ وَ الصُّلۡحُ خَیۡرٌ ؕ وَ اُحۡضِرَتِ الۡاَنۡفُسُ الشُّحَّ ؕ وَ اِنۡ تُحۡسِنُوۡا وَ تَتَّقُوۡا فَاِنَّ اللّٰہَ کَانَ بِمَا تَعۡمَلُوۡنَ خَبِیۡرًا ﴿۱۲۸﴾

4:128 And if a woman fears ill-usage from her husband or desertion, there is no blame on the two of them if they effect a reconciliation between them. And reconciliation is better. And greed is met with in (people’s) minds. And if you do good (to others) and keep your duty, surely Allah is ever Aware of what you do.

وَ لَنۡ تَسۡتَطِیۡعُوۡۤا اَنۡ تَعۡدِلُوۡا بَیۡنَ النِّسَآءِ وَ لَوۡ حَرَصۡتُمۡ فَلَا تَمِیۡلُوۡا کُلَّ الۡمَیۡلِ فَتَذَرُوۡہَا کَالۡمُعَلَّقَۃِ ؕ وَ اِنۡ تُصۡلِحُوۡا وَ تَتَّقُوۡا فَاِنَّ اللّٰہَ کَانَ غَفُوۡرًا رَّحِیۡمًا ﴿۱۲۹﴾

4:129 And you cannot do justice between wives, even though you wish (it), but do not be disinclined (from one) with total disinclination, so that you leave her in suspense. And if you are reconciled and keep your duty, surely Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.

وَ اِنۡ یَّتَفَرَّقَا یُغۡنِ اللّٰہُ کُلًّا مِّنۡ سَعَتِہٖ ؕ وَ کَانَ اللّٰہُ وَاسِعًا حَکِیۡمًا ﴿۱۳۰﴾

4:130 And if they separate, Allah will render them both free from want out of His ampleness. And Allah is ever Ample-giving, Wise.

وَ لِلّٰہِ مَا فِی السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ مَا فِی الۡاَرۡضِ ؕ وَ لَقَدۡ وَصَّیۡنَا الَّذِیۡنَ اُوۡتُوا الۡکِتٰبَ مِنۡ قَبۡلِکُمۡ وَ اِیَّاکُمۡ اَنِ اتَّقُوا اللّٰہَ ؕ وَ اِنۡ تَکۡفُرُوۡا فَاِنَّ لِلّٰہِ مَا فِی السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ مَا فِی الۡاَرۡضِ ؕ وَ کَانَ اللّٰہُ غَنِیًّا حَمِیۡدًا ﴿۱۳۱﴾

4:131 And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And certainly We charged those who were given the Book before you, and (We also charge) you, to keep your duty to Allah. And if you disbelieve, surely to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And Allah is ever Self-sufficient, Praiseworthy.

وَ لِلّٰہِ مَا فِی السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ مَا فِی الۡاَرۡضِ ؕ وَ کَفٰی بِاللّٰہِ وَکِیۡلًا ﴿۱۳۲﴾

4:132 And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And Allah is sufficient as having charge of affairs.

اِنۡ یَّشَاۡ یُذۡہِبۡکُمۡ اَیُّہَا النَّاسُ وَ یَاۡتِ بِاٰخَرِیۡنَ ؕ وَ کَانَ اللّٰہُ عَلٰی ذٰلِکَ قَدِیۡرًا ﴿۱۳۳﴾

4:133 If He please, He will take you away, O people, and bring others. And Allah is ever Powerful to do that.

مَنۡ کَانَ یُرِیۡدُ ثَوَابَ الدُّنۡیَا فَعِنۡدَ اللّٰہِ ثَوَابُ الدُّنۡیَا وَ الۡاٰخِرَۃِ ؕ وَ کَانَ اللّٰہُ سَمِیۡعًۢا بَصِیۡرًا ﴿۱۳۴﴾٪

4:134 Whoever desires the reward of this world — then with Allah is the reward of this world and the Hereafter. And Allah is ever Hearing, Seeing.

«MENU»

Commentary:

  1. It is stated here that a decision regarding the doing of good to women, to weak children and to orphans has already been given (see 4:1–10). The words “and what is recited to you in the Book is concerning widowed women, whom you do not give what is appointed for them while you are not inclined to marry them” refer to 4:3. The meaning is that the order given in 4:3 in the words “if you fear that you cannot do justice to orphans marry such women as seem good to you” relates to orphans of the women (or to widows) whom their share in inheritance was denied, both their share and the share of their orphan children, nor were people inclined to marry them owing to the burden which they brought with them in the shape of their children. So the permission was given that they may marry such women, even up to four. Widows and their orphaned children used to receive no share of inheritance. The Quran brought about a great change: it re­quired the giving of inheritance both to women and their orphaned children, and it also recommended that such women should be taken in marriage.

Top