English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 4: Al-Nisa — Women (Revealed at Madinah: 24 sections, 176 verses)

Section 21 (Verses 4:142–4:152): End of the Hypocrites

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Translation:

4:142 The hypocrites seek to deceive Allah, and He will pay them back their deceit. And when they stand up for prayer, they stand up sluggishly — they do it only to be seen by people and they remember Allah but little,
4:143 wavering between that (and this) — (belonging) neither to these nor to those.1 And whomsoever Allah leaves in error, you will not find a way for him.
4:144 O you who believe, do not take the disbelievers for friends instead of the believers. Do you desire to give Allah a manifest proof against yourselves?
4:145 The hypocrites are surely in the lowest depths of the Fire, and you will find no helper for them,
4:146 except those who repent and amend and hold fast to Allah and are sincere in their obedience to Allah — these are with the believers. And Allah will soon grant the believers a mighty reward.
4:147 Why should Allah punish you if you are grateful and believe? And Allah is ever Multiplier of rewards,2 Knowing.
Part 64:148 Allah does not love the public utterance of hurtful speech, except by one who has been wronged.3 And Allah is ever Hearing, Knowing.
4:149 If you do good openly or keep it secret or pardon an evil, Allah surely is ever Pardoning, Powerful.4
4:150 Those who disbelieve in Allah and His messengers and desire to make a distinction between Allah and His messengers and say: We believe in some and disbelieve in others; and desire to take a course in between —
4:151 these are truly disbelievers; and We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment.
4:152 And those who believe in Allah and His messengers and make no distinction between any of them, to them He will grant their rewards. And Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.5

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Commentary:

  1. The reference in “that and this” is to belief and disbelief.
  2. The word shākir, usually meaning thankful, when used as an attri­bute of the Divine Being signifies One Who multiplies rewards to His servants.
  3. The use of defamatory speech of every kind regarding others is stric­tly forbidden, but justification for it may exist in case a person has in some way been wronged.
  4. If you pardon the evil which anyone has done to you, Allah will pardon your evils, and grant you even good reward; He is not only Pardoning, but also Powerful to grant good reward.
  5. To make distinction between Allah and His messengers means to believe in one and not in the other. Islam requires the acceptance of all prophets who were raised for the regeneration of mankind, and hence a denial of any one of the prophets named in the Quran takes a person out of the category of believers and places him among the disbelievers.

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