English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 40: Al-Mumin — The Believer (Revealed at Makkah: 9 sections, 85 verses)

Section 5 (Verses 40:38–40:50): The End of Pharaoh’s People


وَ قَالَ الَّذِیۡۤ اٰمَنَ یٰقَوۡمِ اتَّبِعُوۡنِ اَہۡدِکُمۡ سَبِیۡلَ الرَّشَادِ ﴿ۚ۳۸﴾

40:38 And he who believed said: My people, follow me, I will guide you to the right way.

یٰقَوۡمِ اِنَّمَا ہٰذِہِ الۡحَیٰوۃُ الدُّنۡیَا مَتَاعٌ ۫ وَّ اِنَّ الۡاٰخِرَۃَ ہِیَ دَارُ الۡقَرَارِ ﴿۳۹﴾

40:39 My people, this life of the world is but a (passing) enjoyment, and the Hereafter, that is the abode to settle.

مَنۡ عَمِلَ سَیِّئَۃً فَلَا یُجۡزٰۤی اِلَّا مِثۡلَہَا ۚ وَ مَنۡ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِّنۡ ذَکَرٍ اَوۡ اُنۡثٰی وَ ہُوَ مُؤۡمِنٌ فَاُولٰٓئِکَ یَدۡخُلُوۡنَ الۡجَنَّۃَ یُرۡزَقُوۡنَ فِیۡہَا بِغَیۡرِ حِسَابٍ ﴿۴۰﴾

40:40 Whoever does evil, he is recompensed only with its like; and whoever does good, whether male or female, and is a believer, these shall enter the Garden, to be given sustenance in it without measure.

وَ یٰقَوۡمِ مَا لِیۡۤ اَدۡعُوۡکُمۡ اِلَی النَّجٰوۃِ وَ تَدۡعُوۡنَنِیۡۤ اِلَی النَّارِ ﴿ؕ۴۱﴾

40:41 And my people, how is it that I call you to salvation and you call me to the Fire?

تَدۡعُوۡنَنِیۡ لِاَکۡفُرَ بِاللّٰہِ وَ اُشۡرِکَ بِہٖ مَا لَیۡسَ لِیۡ بِہٖ عِلۡمٌ ۫ وَّ اَنَا اَدۡعُوۡکُمۡ اِلَی الۡعَزِیۡزِ الۡغَفَّارِ ﴿۴۲﴾

40:42 You call me to disbelieve in Allah and to set up with Him partners of which I have no knowledge, and I call you to the Mighty, the Forgiving.

لَا جَرَمَ اَنَّمَا تَدۡعُوۡنَنِیۡۤ اِلَیۡہِ لَیۡسَ لَہٗ دَعۡوَۃٌ فِی الدُّنۡیَا وَ لَا فِی الۡاٰخِرَۃِ وَ اَنَّ مَرَدَّنَاۤ اِلَی اللّٰہِ وَ اَنَّ الۡمُسۡرِفِیۡنَ ہُمۡ اَصۡحٰبُ النَّارِ ﴿۴۳﴾

40:43 Without doubt, what you call me to has no claim to being invoked in this world, or in the Hereafter, and our return is to Allah, and those who exceed all bounds are companions of the Fire.

فَسَتَذۡکُرُوۡنَ مَاۤ اَقُوۡلُ لَکُمۡ ؕ وَ اُفَوِّضُ اَمۡرِیۡۤ اِلَی اللّٰہِ ؕ اِنَّ اللّٰہَ بَصِیۡرٌۢ بِالۡعِبَادِ ﴿۴۴﴾

40:44 So you will remember what I say to you, and I entrust my affair to Allah. Surely Allah is Seer of the servants.

فَوَقٰىہُ اللّٰہُ سَیِّاٰتِ مَا مَکَرُوۡا وَ حَاقَ بِاٰلِ فِرۡعَوۡنَ سُوۡٓءُ الۡعَذَابِ ﴿ۚ۴۵﴾

40:45 So Allah protected him from the evil that they planned; and evil punishment befell Pharaoh’s people —

اَلنَّارُ یُعۡرَضُوۡنَ عَلَیۡہَا غُدُوًّا وَّ عَشِیًّا ۚ وَ یَوۡمَ تَقُوۡمُ السَّاعَۃُ ۟ اَدۡخِلُوۡۤا اٰلَ فِرۡعَوۡنَ اَشَدَّ الۡعَذَابِ ﴿۴۶﴾

40:46 the Fire. They are brought before it (every) morning and evening, and on the day when the Hour comes to pass: Make Pharaoh’s people enter the most severe punishment.

وَ اِذۡ یَتَحَآجُّوۡنَ فِی النَّارِ فَیَقُوۡلُ الضُّعَفٰٓؤُا لِلَّذِیۡنَ اسۡتَکۡبَرُوۡۤا اِنَّا کُنَّا لَکُمۡ تَبَعًا فَہَلۡ اَنۡتُمۡ مُّغۡنُوۡنَ عَنَّا نَصِیۡبًا مِّنَ النَّارِ ﴿۴۷﴾

40:47 And when they contend with one another in the Fire, the weak saying to those who were proud: Surely we were your followers; will you then avert from us a portion of the Fire?

قَالَ الَّذِیۡنَ اسۡتَکۡبَرُوۡۤا اِنَّا کُلٌّ فِیۡہَاۤ ۙ اِنَّ اللّٰہَ قَدۡ حَکَمَ بَیۡنَ الۡعِبَادِ ﴿۴۸﴾

40:48 Those who were proud say: Now we are all in it, Allah has indeed judged between the servants.

وَ قَالَ الَّذِیۡنَ فِی النَّارِ لِخَزَنَۃِ جَہَنَّمَ ادۡعُوۡا رَبَّکُمۡ یُخَفِّفۡ عَنَّا یَوۡمًا مِّنَ الۡعَذَابِ ﴿۴۹﴾

40:49 And those in the Fire will say to the keepers of hell: Pray to your Lord to lighten our punishment for a day.

قَالُوۡۤا اَوَ لَمۡ تَکُ تَاۡتِیۡکُمۡ رُسُلُکُمۡ بِالۡبَیِّنٰتِ ؕ قَالُوۡا بَلٰی ؕ قَالُوۡا فَادۡعُوۡا ۚ وَ مَا دُعٰٓؤُا الۡکٰفِرِیۡنَ اِلَّا فِیۡ ضَلٰلٍ ﴿٪۵۰﴾

40:50 They will say: Did not your messengers come to you with clear arguments? They will say: Yes, indeed. They will say: Then pray. And the prayer of the disbelievers only goes astray.