English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 41: Ha Mim — Ha Mim (Revealed at Makkah: 6 sections, 54 verses)


This chapter bears the name of its initial letters Ḥā Mīm and is also known as Ḥā Mīm Sajdah. It is also called Fuṣṣilat, meaning something made plain, from the occurrence of this word in v. 3. Chapters 40 to 46 form one group; see the introductory note to chapter 40. This chapter opens with an invitation to the truth, followed by a warning against its rejection and a mention of the evidence of man’s own faculties against the rejection of truth. Then it shows that believers are strengthened by inspiration and that revelation gives life to those who are spiritually dead. Finally, it is stated that if warnings and arguments are not heeded, the doom is inevitable and the truth will spread gradually.

List of Sections (Rukus):

  1. Invitation to the Truth (Verses 41:1–41:8)
  2. The Warning (Verses 41:9–41:18)
  3. Man’s Evidence against Himself (Verses 41:19–41:25)
  4. Believers Strengthened (Verses 41:26–41:32)
  5. Effect of the Revelation (Verses 41:33–41:44)
  6. Gradual Spread of Truth (Verses 41:45–41:54)