English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 43: Az-Zukhruf — Gold (Revealed at Makkah: 7 sections, 89 verses)

Section 5 (Verses 43:46–43:56): Pharaoh’s Opposition to Moses


وَ لَقَدۡ اَرۡسَلۡنَا مُوۡسٰی بِاٰیٰتِنَاۤ اِلٰی فِرۡعَوۡنَ وَ مَلَا۠ئِہٖ فَقَالَ اِنِّیۡ رَسُوۡلُ رَبِّ الۡعٰلَمِیۡنَ ﴿۴۶﴾

43:46 And truly We sent Moses with Our messages to Pharaoh and his chiefs, so he said: I am the messenger of the Lord of the worlds.

فَلَمَّا جَآءَہُمۡ بِاٰیٰتِنَاۤ اِذَا ہُمۡ مِّنۡہَا یَضۡحَکُوۡنَ ﴿۴۷﴾

43:47 But when he brought them Our signs, lo! they laughed at them.

وَ مَا نُرِیۡہِمۡ مِّنۡ اٰیَۃٍ اِلَّا ہِیَ اَکۡبَرُ مِنۡ اُخۡتِہَا ۫ وَ اَخَذۡنٰہُمۡ بِالۡعَذَابِ لَعَلَّہُمۡ یَرۡجِعُوۡنَ ﴿۴۸﴾

43:48 And We did not show them a sign but it was greater than its fellow,1 and We seized them with punishment that they might turn.

وَ قَالُوۡا یٰۤاَیُّہَ السّٰحِرُ ادۡعُ لَنَا رَبَّکَ بِمَا عَہِدَ عِنۡدَکَ ۚ اِنَّنَا لَمُہۡتَدُوۡنَ ﴿۴۹﴾

43:49 And they said: O enchanter, call on your Lord for us, as He has made the covenant with you; we shall surely follow guidance.2

فَلَمَّا کَشَفۡنَا عَنۡہُمُ الۡعَذَابَ اِذَا ہُمۡ یَنۡکُثُوۡنَ ﴿۵۰﴾

43:50 But when We removed from them the punishment, lo! they broke the pledge.

وَ نَادٰی فِرۡعَوۡنُ فِیۡ قَوۡمِہٖ قَالَ یٰقَوۡمِ اَلَیۡسَ لِیۡ مُلۡکُ مِصۡرَ وَ ہٰذِہِ الۡاَنۡہٰرُ تَجۡرِیۡ مِنۡ تَحۡتِیۡ ۚ اَفَلَا تُبۡصِرُوۡنَ ﴿ؕ۵۱﴾

43:51 And Pharaoh proclaimed amongst his people, saying: My people, is not the kingdom of Egypt mine and these rivers flowing beneath me? Do you not see?

اَمۡ اَنَا خَیۡرٌ مِّنۡ ہٰذَا الَّذِیۡ ہُوَ مَہِیۡنٌ ۬ۙ وَّ لَا یَکَادُ یُبِیۡنُ ﴿۵۲﴾

43:52 Rather I am better than this (fellow) who is contemptible, and can hardly express himself clearly.

فَلَوۡ لَاۤ اُلۡقِیَ عَلَیۡہِ اَسۡوِرَۃٌ مِّنۡ ذَہَبٍ اَوۡ جَآءَ مَعَہُ الۡمَلٰٓئِکَۃُ مُقۡتَرِنِیۡنَ ﴿۵۳﴾

43:53 Why, then, have bracelets of gold not been bestowed on him, or angels come along with him in procession?3

فَاسۡتَخَفَّ قَوۡمَہٗ فَاَطَاعُوۡہُ ؕ اِنَّہُمۡ کَانُوۡا قَوۡمًا فٰسِقِیۡنَ ﴿۵۴﴾

43:54 So he incited his people to levity and they obeyed him. Surely they were a transgressing people.

فَلَمَّاۤ اٰسَفُوۡنَا انۡتَقَمۡنَا مِنۡہُمۡ فَاَغۡرَقۡنٰہُمۡ اَجۡمَعِیۡنَ ﴿ۙ۵۵﴾

43:55 Then when they displeased Us, We exacted retribution from them, so We drowned them all together.

فَجَعَلۡنٰہُمۡ سَلَفًا وَّ مَثَلًا لِّلۡاٰخِرِیۡنَ ﴿٪۵۶﴾

43:56 And We made them a thing past and an example for later generations.


  1. Each sign was greater than the one which preceded it.
  2. Every time a sign was shown, Pharaoh entreated Moses to pray for the removal of the punishment, promising that he would not in that case oppose him.
  3. Pharaoh’s suggestion is that if Moses were true he should have possessed much wealth like a king or he should have come with angels, as a king comes with his armies.