English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 45: Al-Jathiyah — The Kneeling (Revealed at Makkah: 4 sections, 37 verses)

Section 2 (Verses 45:12–45:21): Truth of the Revelation


اَللّٰہُ الَّذِیۡ سَخَّرَ لَکُمُ الۡبَحۡرَ لِتَجۡرِیَ الۡفُلۡکُ فِیۡہِ بِاَمۡرِہٖ وَ لِتَبۡتَغُوۡا مِنۡ فَضۡلِہٖ وَ لَعَلَّکُمۡ تَشۡکُرُوۡنَ ﴿ۚ۱۲﴾

45:12 Allah is He Who made subservient to you the sea that the ships may glide in it by His command, and that you may seek of His grace, and that you may give thanks.

وَ سَخَّرَ لَکُمۡ مَّا فِی السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ مَا فِی الۡاَرۡضِ جَمِیۡعًا مِّنۡہُ ؕ اِنَّ فِیۡ ذٰلِکَ لَاٰیٰتٍ لِّقَوۡمٍ یَّتَفَکَّرُوۡنَ ﴿۱۳﴾

45:13 And He has made subservient to you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, all, from Himself. Surely there are signs in this for a people who reflect.

قُلۡ لِّلَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا یَغۡفِرُوۡا لِلَّذِیۡنَ لَا یَرۡجُوۡنَ اَیَّامَ اللّٰہِ لِیَجۡزِیَ قَوۡمًۢا بِمَا کَانُوۡا یَکۡسِبُوۡنَ ﴿۱۴﴾

45:14 Tell those who believe to forgive those who do not fear the days of Allah that He may reward a people for what they earn.1

مَنۡ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَلِنَفۡسِہٖ ۚ وَ مَنۡ اَسَآءَ فَعَلَیۡہَا ۫ ثُمَّ اِلٰی رَبِّکُمۡ تُرۡجَعُوۡنَ ﴿۱۵﴾

45:15 Whoever does good, it is for the good of his own soul, and whoever does evil, it is to its detriment; then to your Lord you will be brought back.

وَ لَقَدۡ اٰتَیۡنَا بَنِیۡۤ اِسۡرَآءِیۡلَ الۡکِتٰبَ وَ الۡحُکۡمَ وَ النُّبُوَّۃَ وَ رَزَقۡنٰہُمۡ مِّنَ الطَّیِّبٰتِ وَ فَضَّلۡنٰہُمۡ عَلَی الۡعٰلَمِیۡنَ ﴿ۚ۱۶﴾

45:16 And certainly We gave the Children of Israel the Book and judgment and prophethood and provided them with good things, and made them excel the nations.

وَ اٰتَیۡنٰہُمۡ بَیِّنٰتٍ مِّنَ الۡاَمۡرِ ۚ فَمَا اخۡتَلَفُوۡۤا اِلَّا مِنۡۢ بَعۡدِ مَا جَآءَہُمُ الۡعِلۡمُ ۙ بَغۡیًۢا بَیۡنَہُمۡ ؕ اِنَّ رَبَّکَ یَقۡضِیۡ بَیۡنَہُمۡ یَوۡمَ الۡقِیٰمَۃِ فِیۡمَا کَانُوۡا فِیۡہِ یَخۡتَلِفُوۡنَ ﴿۱۷﴾

45:17 And We gave them clear arguments in the Affair.2 So they did not differ until after knowledge had come to them, out of envy among themselves. Surely your Lord will judge between them on the day of Resurrection in that in which they differed.

ثُمَّ جَعَلۡنٰکَ عَلٰی شَرِیۡعَۃٍ مِّنَ الۡاَمۡرِ فَاتَّبِعۡہَا وَ لَا تَتَّبِعۡ اَہۡوَآءَ الَّذِیۡنَ لَا یَعۡلَمُوۡنَ ﴿۱۸﴾

45:18 Then We made you follow a course in the Affair, so follow it, and do not follow the low desires of those who do not know.

اِنَّہُمۡ لَنۡ یُّغۡنُوۡا عَنۡکَ مِنَ اللّٰہِ شَیۡئًا ؕ وَ اِنَّ الظّٰلِمِیۡنَ بَعۡضُہُمۡ اَوۡلِیَآءُ بَعۡضٍ ۚ وَ اللّٰہُ وَلِیُّ الۡمُتَّقِیۡنَ ﴿۱۹﴾

45:19 Surely they cannot avail you in the least against Allah. And surely the wrongdoers are friends of each other, and Allah is the Friend of the dutiful.

ہٰذَا بَصَآئِرُ لِلنَّاسِ وَ ہُدًی وَّ رَحۡمَۃٌ لِّقَوۡمٍ یُّوۡقِنُوۡنَ ﴿۲۰﴾

45:20 These are clear proofs for mankind, and a guidance and a mercy for a people who are sure.

اَمۡ حَسِبَ الَّذِیۡنَ اجۡتَرَحُوا السَّیِّاٰتِ اَنۡ نَّجۡعَلَہُمۡ کَالَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا وَ عَمِلُوا الصّٰلِحٰتِ ۙ سَوَآءً مَّحۡیَاہُمۡ وَ مَمَاتُہُمۡ ؕ سَآءَ مَا یَحۡکُمُوۡنَ ﴿٪۲۱﴾

45:21 Or do those who commit evil deeds think that We shall make them as those who believe and do good — their life and their death being equal? Evil is what they judge!3


  1. By the days of Allah are meant the favours which are bestowed on the righteous; see 14:5. These words make it clear that there is an assurance given to the faithful in the two previous verses that they will be triumphant in this world, and rule the land as well as the sea.
  2. The Affair or Amr here signifies the prophethood of Muhammad, regarding which the Israelites were given the clearest prophecies. In the next verse the Holy Prophet is plainly addressed as having been given this Affair.
  3. The meaning may be that the wicked are not like the righteous, either in life or in death; or, that the wicked will not find themselves in death in a state of ease resembling what they enjoy in this life. Or, the doing of good is here called life, and the doing of evil death, because good deeds give life to man and evil deeds cause his spiritual death.