English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 45: Al-Jathiyah — The Kneeling (Revealed at Makkah: 4 sections, 37 verses)

Section 3 (Verses 45:22–45:26): Denial of Judgment


وَ خَلَقَ اللّٰہُ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ الۡاَرۡضَ بِالۡحَقِّ وَ لِتُجۡزٰی کُلُّ نَفۡسٍۭ بِمَا کَسَبَتۡ وَ ہُمۡ لَا یُظۡلَمُوۡنَ ﴿۲۲﴾

45:22 And Allah created the heavens and the earth with truth, and that every soul may be rewarded for what it has earned, and they will not be wronged.

اَفَرَءَیۡتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ اِلٰـہَہٗ ہَوٰىہُ وَ اَضَلَّہُ اللّٰہُ عَلٰی عِلۡمٍ وَّ خَتَمَ عَلٰی سَمۡعِہٖ وَ قَلۡبِہٖ وَ جَعَلَ عَلٰی بَصَرِہٖ غِشٰوَۃً ؕ فَمَنۡ یَّہۡدِیۡہِ مِنۡۢ بَعۡدِ اللّٰہِ ؕ اَفَلَا تَذَکَّرُوۡنَ ﴿۲۳﴾

45:23 Have you seen him who takes his desire for his god, and Allah leaves him in error knowingly,1 and seals his hearing and his heart and puts a covering on his sight? Who can then guide him after Allah? Will you not be mindful?

وَ قَالُوۡا مَا ہِیَ اِلَّا حَیَاتُنَا الدُّنۡیَا نَمُوۡتُ وَ نَحۡیَا وَ مَا یُہۡلِکُنَاۤ اِلَّا الدَّہۡرُ ۚ وَ مَا لَہُمۡ بِذٰلِکَ مِنۡ عِلۡمٍ ۚ اِنۡ ہُمۡ اِلَّا یَظُنُّوۡنَ ﴿۲۴﴾

45:24 And they say: There is nothing but our life of the world; we die and we live and nothing destroys us but time, and they have no knowledge of that; they only conjecture.

وَ اِذَا تُتۡلٰی عَلَیۡہِمۡ اٰیٰتُنَا بَیِّنٰتٍ مَّا کَانَ حُجَّتَہُمۡ اِلَّاۤ اَنۡ قَالُوا ائۡتُوۡا بِاٰبَآئِنَاۤ اِنۡ کُنۡتُمۡ صٰدِقِیۡنَ ﴿۲۵﴾

45:25 And when Our clear messages are recited to them, their only argument is that they say: Bring (back) our fathers, if you are truthful.

قُلِ اللّٰہُ یُحۡیِیۡکُمۡ ثُمَّ یُمِیۡتُکُمۡ ثُمَّ یَجۡمَعُکُمۡ اِلٰی یَوۡمِ الۡقِیٰمَۃِ لَا رَیۡبَ فِیۡہِ وَ لٰکِنَّ اَکۡثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا یَعۡلَمُوۡنَ ﴿٪۲۶﴾

45:26 Say: Allah gives you life, then makes you die, then will He gather you to the day of Resurrection, of which there is no doubt, but most people do not know.


  1. The word knowingly implies that Allah knows the heart and mental attitude of the people of low desires, and the consequence of their evil deeds is that they remain in error.