English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 45: Al-Jathiyah — The Kneeling (Revealed at Makkah: 4 sections, 37 verses)

Section 4 (Verses 45:27–45:37): The Doom


وَ لِلّٰہِ مُلۡکُ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ الۡاَرۡضِ ؕ وَ یَوۡمَ تَقُوۡمُ السَّاعَۃُ یَوۡمَئِذٍ یَّخۡسَرُ الۡمُبۡطِلُوۡنَ ﴿۲۷﴾

45:27 And Allah’s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. And on the day when the Hour comes to pass, on that day will the followers of falsehood perish.

وَ تَرٰی کُلَّ اُمَّۃٍ جَاثِیَۃً ۟ کُلُّ اُمَّۃٍ تُدۡعٰۤی اِلٰی کِتٰبِہَا ؕ اَلۡیَوۡمَ تُجۡزَوۡنَ مَا کُنۡتُمۡ تَعۡمَلُوۡنَ ﴿۲۸﴾

45:28 And you will see every nation kneeling down. Every nation will be called to its record.1 This day you are recompensed for what you did.

ہٰذَا کِتٰبُنَا یَنۡطِقُ عَلَیۡکُمۡ بِالۡحَقِّ ؕ اِنَّا کُنَّا نَسۡتَنۡسِخُ مَا کُنۡتُمۡ تَعۡمَلُوۡنَ ﴿۲۹﴾

45:29 This is Our record that speaks against you with truth. Surely We wrote what you did.

فَاَمَّا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا وَ عَمِلُوا الصّٰلِحٰتِ فَیُدۡخِلُہُمۡ رَبُّہُمۡ فِیۡ رَحۡمَتِہٖ ؕ ذٰلِکَ ہُوَ الۡفَوۡزُ الۡمُبِیۡنُ ﴿۳۰﴾

45:30 Then as to those who believed and did good, their Lord will admit them to His mercy. That is the manifest achievement.

وَ اَمَّا الَّذِیۡنَ کَفَرُوۡا ۟ اَفَلَمۡ تَکُنۡ اٰیٰتِیۡ تُتۡلٰی عَلَیۡکُمۡ فَاسۡتَکۡبَرۡتُمۡ وَ کُنۡتُمۡ قَوۡمًا مُّجۡرِمِیۡنَ ﴿۳۱﴾

45:31 And as to those who disbelieved — were not My messages recited to you? But you were proud and you were a guilty people.

وَ اِذَا قِیۡلَ اِنَّ وَعۡدَ اللّٰہِ حَقٌّ وَّ السَّاعَۃُ لَا رَیۡبَ فِیۡہَا قُلۡتُمۡ مَّا نَدۡرِیۡ مَا السَّاعَۃُ ۙ اِنۡ نَّظُنُّ اِلَّا ظَنًّا وَّ مَا نَحۡنُ بِمُسۡتَیۡقِنِیۡنَ ﴿۳۲﴾

45:32 And when it was said, Surely the promise of Allah is true and the Hour — there is no doubt about it, you said: We do not know what the Hour is. We think (it) only a conjecture and we are not at all sure.

وَ بَدَا لَہُمۡ سَیِّاٰتُ مَا عَمِلُوۡا وَ حَاقَ بِہِمۡ مَّا کَانُوۡا بِہٖ یَسۡتَہۡزِءُوۡنَ ﴿۳۳﴾

45:33 And the evil of what they did will become plain to them, and that at which they mocked will beset them.

وَ قِیۡلَ الۡیَوۡمَ نَنۡسٰکُمۡ کَمَا نَسِیۡتُمۡ لِقَآءَ یَوۡمِکُمۡ ہٰذَا وَ مَاۡوٰىکُمُ النَّارُ وَ مَا لَکُمۡ مِّنۡ نّٰصِرِیۡنَ ﴿۳۴﴾

45:34 And it will be said: This day We forsake you as you neglected the meeting of this day of yours, and your abode is the Fire, and you have no helpers.

ذٰلِکُمۡ بِاَنَّکُمُ اتَّخَذۡتُمۡ اٰیٰتِ اللّٰہِ ہُزُوًا وَّ غَرَّتۡکُمُ الۡحَیٰوۃُ الدُّنۡیَا ۚ فَالۡیَوۡمَ لَا یُخۡرَجُوۡنَ مِنۡہَا وَ لَا ہُمۡ یُسۡتَعۡتَبُوۡنَ ﴿۳۵﴾

45:35 That is because you made the messages of Allah a jest and the life of this world deceived you. So on that day they shall not be taken out of it, nor shall they be granted goodwill.

فَلِلّٰہِ الۡحَمۡدُ رَبِّ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ رَبِّ الۡاَرۡضِ رَبِّ الۡعٰلَمِیۡنَ ﴿۳۶﴾

45:36 So praise be to Allah, the Lord of the heavens and the Lord of the earth, the Lord of the worlds!

وَ لَہُ الۡکِبۡرِیَآءُ فِی السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ الۡاَرۡضِ ۪ وَ ہُوَ الۡعَزِیۡزُ الۡحَکِیۡمُ ﴿٪۳۷﴾

45:37 And to Him belongs greatness in the heavens and the earth; and He is the Mighty, the Wise.


  1. That every nation shall have a book or a record of its deeds shows that nations are also judged according to their deeds. But nations are judged in this life, therefore the day on which every nation is called to its record is the day of its doom. The words — you will see every nation kneeling down — hint at a great spiritual awakening being brought about in the world.