English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 48: Al-Fath — The Victory (Revealed at Madinah: 4 sections, 29 verses)


This chapter is entitled The Victory as it deals with the conquests of Islam, from the great moral victory gained by the truce of Hudaibiyah to the prophesied triumph of Islam over all other religions. The word victory occurs in v. 1 and elsewhere. It is remarkable that although Muslims had been victorious in several battles before, yet it is not those but a truce which is called a victory, indicating that the triumph of Islam lay in its moral conquests. The chapter begins by declaring the Hudaibiyah truce to be a victory, speaking of the success of the faithful and the allegiance they rendered to the Holy Prophet, and the disappointment of the hypocrites and idolators. It then deals with the excuses of the hypocrites and separates them from the faithful. It goes on to predict more victories in battles and ends with the important prophecy that Islam will triumph over all other religions of the world. This chapter was revealed in 6 A.H.

List of Sections (Rukus):

  1. Hudaibiyah Truce was a Victory (Verses 48:1–48:10)
  2. The Defaulters (Verses 48:11–48:17)
  3. More Victories for Islam (Verses 48:18–48:26)
  4. Ultimate Triumph of Islam (Verses 48:27–48:29)