English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 51: Al-Dhariyat — The Scatterers (Revealed at Makkah: 3 sections, 60 verses)

Section 3 (Verses 51:47–51:60): Judgment is Sure


وَ السَّمَآءَ بَنَیۡنٰہَا بِاَیۡىدٍ وَّ اِنَّا لَمُوۡسِعُوۡنَ ﴿۴۷﴾

51:47 And the heaven, We raised it high with power, and We have made the vast extent.

وَ الۡاَرۡضَ فَرَشۡنٰہَا فَنِعۡمَ الۡمٰہِدُوۡنَ ﴿۴۸﴾

51:48 And the earth, We have spread it out. How well We prepared it!

وَ مِنۡ کُلِّ شَیۡءٍ خَلَقۡنَا زَوۡجَیۡنِ لَعَلَّکُمۡ تَذَکَّرُوۡنَ ﴿۴۹﴾

51:49 And of everything We have created pairs that you may be mindful.

فَفِرُّوۡۤا اِلَی اللّٰہِ ؕ اِنِّیۡ لَکُمۡ مِّنۡہُ نَذِیۡرٌ مُّبِیۡنٌ ﴿ۚ۵۰﴾

51:50 So flee to Allah. Surely I am a plain warner to you from Him.

وَ لَا تَجۡعَلُوۡا مَعَ اللّٰہِ اِلٰـہًا اٰخَرَ ؕ اِنِّیۡ لَکُمۡ مِّنۡہُ نَذِیۡرٌ مُّبِیۡنٌ ﴿ۚ۵۱﴾

51:51 And do not set up with Allah another god. Surely I am a plain warner to you from Him.

کَذٰلِکَ مَاۤ اَتَی الَّذِیۡنَ مِنۡ قَبۡلِہِمۡ مِّنۡ رَّسُوۡلٍ اِلَّا قَالُوۡا سَاحِرٌ اَوۡ مَجۡنُوۡنٌ ﴿ۚ۵۲﴾

51:52 Thus, no messenger came to those before them but they said: An enchanter or a madman!

اَتَوَاصَوۡا بِہٖ ۚ بَلۡ ہُمۡ قَوۡمٌ طَاغُوۡنَ ﴿ۚ۵۳﴾

51:53 Have they charged each other with this? Indeed, they are an inordinate people.

فَتَوَلَّ عَنۡہُمۡ فَمَاۤ اَنۡتَ بِمَلُوۡمٍ ﴿٭۫۵۴﴾

51:54 So turn away from them, for you are not to blame;1

وَّ ذَکِّرۡ فَاِنَّ الذِّکۡرٰی تَنۡفَعُ الۡمُؤۡمِنِیۡنَ ﴿۵۵﴾

51:55 and remind, for reminding benefits the believers.

وَ مَا خَلَقۡتُ الۡجِنَّ وَ الۡاِنۡسَ اِلَّا لِیَعۡبُدُوۡنِ ﴿۵۶﴾

51:56 And I have not created the jinn and the people except that they should serve Me.

مَاۤ اُرِیۡدُ مِنۡہُمۡ مِّنۡ رِّزۡقٍ وَّ مَاۤ اُرِیۡدُ اَنۡ یُّطۡعِمُوۡنِ ﴿۵۷﴾

51:57 I desire no sustenance from them, nor do I desire that they should feed Me.

اِنَّ اللّٰہَ ہُوَ الرَّزَّاقُ ذُو الۡقُوَّۃِ الۡمَتِیۡنُ ﴿۵۸﴾

51:58 Surely Allah is the Provider of sustenance, the Lord of Power, the Strong.

فَاِنَّ لِلَّذِیۡنَ ظَلَمُوۡا ذَنُوۡبًا مِّثۡلَ ذَنُوۡبِ اَصۡحٰبِہِمۡ فَلَا یَسۡتَعۡجِلُوۡنِ ﴿۵۹﴾

51:59 Surely the lot of the wrongdoers is as was the lot of their companions, so let them not ask Me to hasten (it) on.

فَوَیۡلٌ لِّلَّذِیۡنَ کَفَرُوۡا مِنۡ یَّوۡمِہِمُ الَّذِیۡ یُوۡعَدُوۡنَ ﴿٪۶۰﴾

51:60 Woe, then, to those who disbelieve because of that day of theirs which they are promised!


  1. Turning away from them means to pay no heed to their abuses and to disregard their reviling. The words that follow make this clear, for the Prophet is enjoined to continue to remind, for there will be some who will believe, and these will profit by the reminder.