English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 53: An-Najm — The Star (Revealed at Makkah: 3 sections, 62 verses)

Section 3 (Verses 53:33–53:62): Allah’s Power Manifested in Destroying Falsehood


اَفَرَءَیۡتَ الَّذِیۡ تَوَلّٰی ﴿ۙ۳۳﴾

53:33 Have you seen him who turns back,

وَ اَعۡطٰی قَلِیۡلًا وَّ اَکۡدٰی ﴿۳۴﴾

53:34 and gives a little, then withholds?

اَعِنۡدَہٗ عِلۡمُ الۡغَیۡبِ فَہُوَ یَرٰی ﴿۳۵﴾

53:35 Does he have the knowledge of the unseen so that he can see?

اَمۡ لَمۡ یُنَبَّاۡ بِمَا فِیۡ صُحُفِ مُوۡسٰی ﴿ۙ۳۶﴾

53:36 Or has he not been informed of what is in the scriptures of Moses,

وَ اِبۡرٰہِیۡمَ الَّذِیۡ وَفّٰۤی ﴿ۙ۳۷﴾

53:37 and (of) Abraham who fulfilled (commandments)?

اَلَّا تَزِرُ وَازِرَۃٌ وِّزۡرَ اُخۡرٰی ﴿ۙ۳۸﴾

53:38 — that no bearer of burden bears another’s burden,

وَ اَنۡ لَّیۡسَ لِلۡاِنۡسَانِ اِلَّا مَا سَعٰی ﴿ۙ۳۹﴾

53:39 and that man can have nothing but what he strives for,

وَ اَنَّ سَعۡیَہٗ سَوۡفَ یُرٰی ﴿۪۴۰﴾

53:40 and that his striving will soon be seen,

ثُمَّ یُجۡزٰىہُ الۡجَزَآءَ الۡاَوۡفٰی ﴿ۙ۴۱﴾

53:41 then he will be rewarded for it with the fullest reward,

وَ اَنَّ اِلٰی رَبِّکَ الۡمُنۡتَہٰی ﴿ۙ۴۲﴾

53:42 and that to your Lord is the goal,

وَ اَنَّہٗ ہُوَ اَضۡحَکَ وَ اَبۡکٰی ﴿ۙ۴۳﴾

53:43 and that He it is Who makes (people) laugh and makes (them) weep,

وَ اَنَّہٗ ہُوَ اَمَاتَ وَ اَحۡیَا ﴿ۙ۴۴﴾

53:44 and that He it is Who causes death and gives life,

وَ اَنَّہٗ خَلَقَ الزَّوۡجَیۡنِ الذَّکَرَ وَ الۡاُنۡثٰی ﴿ۙ۴۵﴾

53:45 and that He creates pairs, the male and the female

مِنۡ نُّطۡفَۃٍ اِذَا تُمۡنٰی ﴿۪۴۶﴾

53:46 from the small life-germ when it is adapted,

وَ اَنَّ عَلَیۡہِ النَّشۡاَۃَ الۡاُخۡرٰی ﴿ۙ۴۷﴾

53:47 and that He has ordained the second bringing forth,

وَ اَنَّہٗ ہُوَ اَغۡنٰی وَ اَقۡنٰی ﴿ۙ۴۸﴾

53:48 and that He it is Who gives wealth and contentment,

وَ اَنَّہٗ ہُوَ رَبُّ الشِّعۡرٰی ﴿ۙ۴۹﴾

53:49 and that He is the Lord of Sirius,

وَ اَنَّہٗۤ اَہۡلَکَ عَادَۨ ا الۡاُوۡلٰی ﴿ۙ۵۰﴾

53:50 and that He destroyed the first Ād,1

وَ ثَمُوۡدَا۠ فَمَاۤ اَبۡقٰی ﴿ۙ۵۱﴾

53:51 and Thamūd, so He did not spare,

وَ قَوۡمَ نُوۡحٍ مِّنۡ قَبۡلُ ؕ اِنَّہُمۡ کَانُوۡا ہُمۡ اَظۡلَمَ وَ اَطۡغٰی ﴿ؕ۵۲﴾

53:52 and the people of Noah before, surely they were most unjust and inordinate,

وَ الۡمُؤۡتَفِکَۃَ اَہۡوٰی ﴿ۙ۵۳﴾

53:53 and the overthrown cities, He hurled down,

فَغَشّٰہَا مَا غَشّٰی ﴿ۚ۵۴﴾

53:54 so there covered them that (punishment) which covered.

فَبِاَیِّ اٰلَآءِ رَبِّکَ تَتَمَارٰی ﴿۵۵﴾

53:55 Which, then, of your Lord’s benefits will you dispute?

ہٰذَا نَذِیۡرٌ مِّنَ النُّذُرِ الۡاُوۡلٰی ﴿۵۶﴾

53:56 This is a warner like the earlier warners.

اَزِفَتِ الۡاٰزِفَۃُ ﴿ۚ۵۷﴾

53:57 The near Event draws nearer.2

لَیۡسَ لَہَا مِنۡ دُوۡنِ اللّٰہِ کَاشِفَۃٌ ﴿ؕ۵۸﴾

53:58 There is none besides Allah to remove it.

اَفَمِنۡ ہٰذَا الۡحَدِیۡثِ تَعۡجَبُوۡنَ ﴿ۙ۵۹﴾

53:59 Do you wonder then at this announcement?

وَ تَضۡحَکُوۡنَ وَ لَا تَبۡکُوۡنَ ﴿ۙ۶۰﴾

53:60 And do you laugh and not weep,

وَ اَنۡتُمۡ سٰمِدُوۡنَ ﴿۶۱﴾

53:61 while you sport?

فَاسۡجُدُوۡا لِلّٰہِ  وَ اعۡبُدُوۡا ﴿٪ٛ۶۲﴾

53:62 So bow down in prostration before Allah and serve (Him).Prostration


  1. The tribe of Ād is sometimes referred to as the first Ād, in contrast with Thamūd, who are called the second Ād.
  2. The near Event is the doom of the Quraish, the overthrow of their power, which was now being utilized against Islam.