English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 59: Al-Hashr — The Banishment (Revealed at Madinah: 3 sections, 24 verses)


This chapter deals with the banishment of a Jewish tribe, called Bani Nadir, from Madinah. They had made a treaty with the Holy Prophet to remain neutral between him and his enemies from Makkah, but later broke this treaty and made an alliance with them. The chapter deals with their banishment and shows that the hypocrites, after giving them promises of help, failed to fulfil them. It ends with a beautiful exposition of some of the attributes of God. This chapter was revealed in 4 A.H.

List of Sections (Rukus):

  1. The Exiled Jews (Verses 59:1–59:10)
  2. Hypocrites Fail in Promise to the Jews (Verses 59:11–59:17)
  3. An Exhortation (Verses 59:18–59:24)