English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 59: Al-Hashr — The Banishment (Revealed at Madinah: 3 sections, 24 verses)

Section 2 (Verses 59:11–59:17): Hypocrites Fail in Promise to the Jews


اَلَمۡ تَرَ اِلَی الَّذِیۡنَ نَافَقُوۡا یَقُوۡلُوۡنَ لِاِخۡوَانِہِمُ الَّذِیۡنَ کَفَرُوۡا مِنۡ اَہۡلِ الۡکِتٰبِ لَئِنۡ اُخۡرِجۡتُمۡ لَنَخۡرُجَنَّ مَعَکُمۡ وَ لَا نُطِیۡعُ فِیۡکُمۡ اَحَدًا اَبَدًا ۙ وَّ اِنۡ قُوۡتِلۡتُمۡ لَنَنۡصُرَنَّکُمۡ ؕ وَ اللّٰہُ یَشۡہَدُ اِنَّہُمۡ لَکٰذِبُوۡنَ ﴿۱۱﴾

59:11 Have you not seen the hypocrites? They say to their brethren who disbelieve from among the People of the Book: If you are expelled, we certainly will go forth with you, and we will never obey anyone concerning you; and if you are fought against, we will certainly help you. And Allah bears witness that they surely are liars.1

لَئِنۡ اُخۡرِجُوۡا لَا یَخۡرُجُوۡنَ مَعَہُمۡ ۚ وَ لَئِنۡ قُوۡتِلُوۡا لَا یَنۡصُرُوۡنَہُمۡ ۚ وَ لَئِنۡ نَّصَرُوۡہُمۡ لَیُوَلُّنَّ الۡاَدۡبَارَ ۟ ثُمَّ لَا یُنۡصَرُوۡنَ ﴿۱۲﴾

59:12 If they are expelled, they will not go forth with them, and if they are fought against, they will not help them; and even if they help them, they will certainly turn (their) backs; then they shall not be helped.

لَاَنۡتُمۡ اَشَدُّ رَہۡبَۃً فِیۡ صُدُوۡرِہِمۡ مِّنَ اللّٰہِ ؕ ذٰلِکَ بِاَنَّہُمۡ قَوۡمٌ لَّا یَفۡقَہُوۡنَ ﴿۱۳﴾

59:13 Your fear in their hearts is indeed greater than Allah’s. That is because they are a people who do not understand.

لَا یُقَاتِلُوۡنَکُمۡ جَمِیۡعًا اِلَّا فِیۡ قُرًی مُّحَصَّنَۃٍ اَوۡ مِنۡ وَّرَآءِ جُدُرٍ ؕ بَاۡسُہُمۡ بَیۡنَہُمۡ شَدِیۡدٌ ؕ تَحۡسَبُہُمۡ جَمِیۡعًا وَّ قُلُوۡبُہُمۡ شَتّٰی ؕ ذٰلِکَ بِاَنَّہُمۡ قَوۡمٌ لَّا یَعۡقِلُوۡنَ ﴿ۚ۱۴﴾

59:14 They will not fight against you unitedly except in fortified towns or from behind walls. Their fighting between them is severe. You would think them united, but their hearts are divided. That is because they are a people who have no sense.

کَمَثَلِ الَّذِیۡنَ مِنۡ قَبۡلِہِمۡ قَرِیۡبًا ذَاقُوۡا وَبَالَ اَمۡرِہِمۡ ۚ وَ لَہُمۡ عَذَابٌ اَلِیۡمٌ ﴿ۚ۱۵﴾

59:15 Like those before them shortly, they tasted the evil consequences of their conduct, and for them is a painful punishment.

کَمَثَلِ الشَّیۡطٰنِ اِذۡ قَالَ لِلۡاِنۡسَانِ اکۡفُرۡ ۚ فَلَمَّا کَفَرَ قَالَ اِنِّیۡ بَرِیۡٓءٌ مِّنۡکَ اِنِّیۡۤ اَخَافُ اللّٰہَ رَبَّ الۡعٰلَمِیۡنَ ﴿۱۶﴾

59:16 Like the devil when he says to man: Disbelieve. But when he disbelieves, he says: I am free of you, surely I fear Allah, the Lord of the worlds.

فَکَانَ عَاقِبَتَہُمَاۤ اَنَّہُمَا فِی النَّارِ خَالِدَیۡنِ فِیۡہَا ؕ وَ ذٰلِکَ جَزٰٓؤُا الظّٰلِمِیۡنَ ﴿٪۱۷﴾

59:17 So the end of both of them is that they are both in the Fire, to abide in it. And that is the reward of the wrongdoers.


  1. The hypocrites deceived the Jews with false promises, and thus encouraged them to fight against the Prophet.