English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)
by Maulana Muhammad Ali
Chapter 60: Al-Mumtahanah — The Woman Tested (Revealed at Madinah: 2 sections, 13 verses)
This chapter is so named because of the command in v. 10 to test those women of the idolaters who came to the Muslims for the purpose of embracing Islam, to see if they were sincere in their motives, and in that case to offer them refuge. It opens with an instruction to Muslims not to have loving relations with those enemies who had driven them out from their homes and were bent on destroying them. It goes on to add that friendly relations can be had with those who do not fight against the Muslims or expel them from their homes. This chapter was very likely revealed in 7 A.H.
List of Sections (Rukus):
- Friendly Relations with Enemies (Verses 60:1–60:6)
- Friendly Relations with Non-Muslims (Verses 60:7–60:13)