English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)
by Maulana Muhammad Ali
Chapter 62: Al-Jumuah — The Congregation (Revealed at Madinah: 2 sections, 11 verses)
This chapter is named after the exhortation in v. 9 to Muslims to gather together for prayer on the day of Congregation or Friday. It states that the Holy Prophet was a purifier and teacher of his immediate followers as well as those to come in later ages. Then it warns Muslims, by referring to the transgressions of the Jews, against observing only the letter of the law while having no understanding of it and thinking of themselves as God’s favourites. Lastly, as the Jews had neglected their Sabbath and suffered as a result, Muslims are exhorted to give special importance to the Friday prayer, which in Islam replaces the Sabbath. The date of revelation of this chapter is very probably 1 A.H.