English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 64: At-Taghabun — The Manifestation of Losses (Revealed at Madinah: 2 sections, 18 verses)

Section 2 (Verses 64:11–64:18): An Exhortation


مَاۤ اَصَابَ مِنۡ مُّصِیۡبَۃٍ اِلَّا بِاِذۡنِ اللّٰہِ ؕ وَ مَنۡ یُّؤۡمِنۡۢ بِاللّٰہِ یَہۡدِ قَلۡبَہٗ ؕ وَ اللّٰہُ بِکُلِّ شَیۡءٍ عَلِیۡمٌ ﴿۱۱﴾

64:11 No calamity befalls but by Allah’s permission. And whoever believes in Allah, He guides his heart. And Allah is Knower of all things.

وَ اَطِیۡعُوا اللّٰہَ وَ اَطِیۡعُوا الرَّسُوۡلَ ۚ فَاِنۡ تَوَلَّیۡتُمۡ فَاِنَّمَا عَلٰی رَسُوۡلِنَا الۡبَلٰغُ الۡمُبِیۡنُ ﴿۱۲﴾

64:12 And obey Allah and obey the Messenger; but if you turn away, the duty of Our Messenger is only to deliver the message clearly.

اَللّٰہُ لَاۤ اِلٰہَ اِلَّا ہُوَ ؕ وَ عَلَی اللّٰہِ فَلۡیَتَوَکَّلِ الۡمُؤۡمِنُوۡنَ ﴿۱۳﴾

64:13 Allah, there is no God but He. And on Allah let the believers rely.

یٰۤاَیُّہَا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡۤا اِنَّ مِنۡ اَزۡوَاجِکُمۡ وَ اَوۡلَادِکُمۡ عَدُوًّا لَّکُمۡ فَاحۡذَرُوۡہُمۡ ۚ وَ اِنۡ تَعۡفُوۡا وَ تَصۡفَحُوۡا وَ تَغۡفِرُوۡا فَاِنَّ اللّٰہَ غَفُوۡرٌ رَّحِیۡمٌ ﴿۱۴﴾

64:14 O you who believe, surely some among your wives and your children are enemies to you, so beware of them.1 And if you pardon and forbear and forgive, surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

اِنَّمَاۤ اَمۡوَالُکُمۡ وَ اَوۡلَادُکُمۡ فِتۡنَۃٌ ؕ وَ اللّٰہُ عِنۡدَہٗۤ اَجۡرٌ عَظِیۡمٌ ﴿۱۵﴾

64:15 Your wealth and your children are only a trial, and Allah — with Him is a great reward.

فَاتَّقُوا اللّٰہَ مَا اسۡتَطَعۡتُمۡ وَ اسۡمَعُوۡا وَ اَطِیۡعُوۡا وَ اَنۡفِقُوۡا خَیۡرًا لِّاَنۡفُسِکُمۡ ؕ وَ مَنۡ یُّوۡقَ شُحَّ نَفۡسِہٖ فَاُولٰٓئِکَ ہُمُ الۡمُفۡلِحُوۡنَ ﴿۱۶﴾

64:16 So keep your duty to Allah as much as you can, and hear and obey and spend (on good works); it is better for your souls. And whoever is saved from the greediness of his soul, these it is that are the successful.

اِنۡ تُقۡرِضُوا اللّٰہَ قَرۡضًا حَسَنًا یُّضٰعِفۡہُ لَکُمۡ وَ یَغۡفِرۡ لَکُمۡ ؕ وَ اللّٰہُ شَکُوۡرٌ حَلِیۡمٌ ﴿ۙ۱۷﴾

64:17 If you set apart for Allah a goodly portion, He will double it for you and forgive you. And Allah is the Multiplier (of rewards), Forbearing,

عٰلِمُ الۡغَیۡبِ وَ الشَّہَادَۃِ الۡعَزِیۡزُ الۡحَکِیۡمُ ﴿٪۱۸﴾

64:18 the Knower of the unseen and the seen, the Mighty, the Wise.


  1. It is most often for the sake of one’s wife and children that one acts wrongfully towards others. Thus, in some cases, the wife or the children become an enemy to man. Note the use of the word min, which shows that it is only some­times that wives or offspring lead a man to an evil course.