English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 7: Al-Araf — The Elevated Places (Revealed at Makkah: 24 sections, 206 verses)

Section 11 (Verses 7:85–7:93): Shuaib


وَ اِلٰی مَدۡیَنَ اَخَاہُمۡ شُعَیۡبًا ؕ قَالَ یٰقَوۡمِ اعۡبُدُوا اللّٰہَ مَا لَکُمۡ مِّنۡ اِلٰہٍ غَیۡرُہٗ ؕ قَدۡ جَآءَتۡکُمۡ بَیِّنَۃٌ مِّنۡ رَّبِّکُمۡ فَاَوۡفُوا الۡکَیۡلَ وَ الۡمِیۡزَانَ وَ لَا تَبۡخَسُوا النَّاسَ اَشۡیَآءَہُمۡ وَ لَا تُفۡسِدُوۡا فِی الۡاَرۡضِ بَعۡدَ اِصۡلَاحِہَا ؕ ذٰلِکُمۡ خَیۡرٌ لَّکُمۡ اِنۡ کُنۡتُمۡ مُّؤۡمِنِیۡنَ ﴿ۚ۸۵﴾

7:85 And to Midian (We sent) their brother Shuaib.1 He said: My people, serve Allah, you have no god other than Him. Clear proof indeed has come to you from your Lord, so give full measure and weight and do not diminish to people their things,2 nor make mischief in the land after its reform. This is better for you, if you are believers.

وَ لَا تَقۡعُدُوۡا بِکُلِّ صِرَاطٍ تُوۡعِدُوۡنَ وَ تَصُدُّوۡنَ عَنۡ سَبِیۡلِ اللّٰہِ مَنۡ اٰمَنَ بِہٖ وَ تَبۡغُوۡنَہَا عِوَجًا ۚ وَ اذۡکُرُوۡۤا اِذۡ کُنۡتُمۡ قَلِیۡلًا فَکَثَّرَکُمۡ ۪ وَ انۡظُرُوۡا کَیۡفَ کَانَ عَاقِبَۃُ الۡمُفۡسِدِیۡنَ ﴿۸۶﴾

7:86 Nor lie in wait on every road, threatening and turning away from Allah’s way him who believes in Him and seeking to make it crooked. And remember when you were few, then He multiplied you, and see what was the end of the mischief-makers!

وَ اِنۡ کَانَ طَآئِفَۃٌ مِّنۡکُمۡ اٰمَنُوۡا بِالَّذِیۡۤ اُرۡسِلۡتُ بِہٖ وَ طَآئِفَۃٌ لَّمۡ یُؤۡمِنُوۡا فَاصۡبِرُوۡا حَتّٰی یَحۡکُمَ اللّٰہُ بَیۡنَنَا ۚ وَ ہُوَ خَیۡرُ الۡحٰکِمِیۡنَ ﴿۸۷﴾

7:87 And if there are some of you who believe in what I am sent with, and others who do not believe, then wait patiently till Allah judges between us; and He is the Best of judges.

قَالَ الۡمَلَاُ الَّذِیۡنَ اسۡتَکۡبَرُوۡا مِنۡ قَوۡمِہٖ لَنُخۡرِجَنَّکَ یٰشُعَیۡبُ وَ الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا مَعَکَ مِنۡ قَرۡیَتِنَاۤ  اَوۡ  لَتَعُوۡدُنَّ فِیۡ مِلَّتِنَا ؕ قَالَ اَوَ لَوۡ  کُنَّا کٰرِہِیۡنَ ﴿۟۸۸﴾

Part 97:88 The arrogant chiefs of his people said: We will certainly turn you out, Shuaib, and those who believe with you from our town, or you shall come back to our religion. He said: Even though we dislike (it)?

قَدِ افۡتَرَیۡنَا عَلَی اللّٰہِ کَذِبًا اِنۡ عُدۡنَا فِیۡ مِلَّتِکُمۡ بَعۡدَ اِذۡ نَجّٰنَا اللّٰہُ مِنۡہَا ؕ وَ مَا یَکُوۡنُ لَنَاۤ اَنۡ نَّعُوۡدَ فِیۡہَاۤ اِلَّاۤ اَنۡ یَّشَآءَ اللّٰہُ رَبُّنَا ؕ وَسِعَ رَبُّنَا کُلَّ شَیۡءٍ عِلۡمًا ؕ عَلَی اللّٰہِ تَوَکَّلۡنَا ؕ رَبَّنَا افۡتَحۡ بَیۡنَنَا وَ بَیۡنَ قَوۡمِنَا بِالۡحَقِّ وَ اَنۡتَ خَیۡرُ الۡفٰتِحِیۡنَ ﴿۸۹﴾

7:89 Indeed we should have forged a lie against Allah, if we go back to your religion after Allah has deli-vered us from it. And it is not for us to go back to it, unless Allah our Lord please. Our Lord comprehends all things in His knowledge. In Allah do we trust. Our Lord, decide between us and our people with truth, and You are the Best of deciders.

وَ قَالَ الۡمَلَاُ الَّذِیۡنَ کَفَرُوۡا مِنۡ قَوۡمِہٖ لَئِنِ اتَّبَعۡتُمۡ شُعَیۡبًا اِنَّکُمۡ اِذًا لَّخٰسِرُوۡنَ ﴿۹۰﴾

7:90 And the chiefs of his people, who disbelieved, said: If you follow Shuaib, you are surely losers.

فَاَخَذَتۡہُمُ الرَّجۡفَۃُ فَاَصۡبَحُوۡا فِیۡ دَارِہِمۡ جٰثِمِیۡنَ ﴿ۚۖۛ۹۱﴾

7:91 So the earthquake overtook them, and they were motionless bodies in their homes —

الَّذِیۡنَ کَذَّبُوۡا شُعَیۡبًا کَاَنۡ لَّمۡ یَغۡنَوۡا فِیۡہَا ۚۛ اَلَّذِیۡنَ کَذَّبُوۡا شُعَیۡبًا کَانُوۡا ہُمُ الۡخٰسِرِیۡنَ ﴿۹۲﴾

7:92 Those who called Shuaib a liar were as though they had never dwelt there — those who called Shuaib a liar, they were the losers.

فَتَوَلّٰی عَنۡہُمۡ وَ قَالَ یٰقَوۡمِ لَقَدۡ اَبۡلَغۡتُکُمۡ رِسٰلٰتِ رَبِّیۡ وَ نَصَحۡتُ لَکُمۡ ۚ فَکَیۡفَ اٰسٰی عَلٰی قَوۡمٍ کٰفِرِیۡنَ ﴿٪۹۳﴾

7:93 So he turned away from them and said: My people, indeed I delivered to you the messages of my Lord and I gave you good advice; how, then, should I be sorry for a disbelieving people?


  1. Shuaib was a descendant of Abraham in the fifth generation. It is generally supposed to be another name for Jethro of the Bible (Exodus, 3:1).
  2. The injunction do not diminish to people their things stands for not depriving or defrauding people of their rights.