English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 7: Al-Araf — The Elevated Places (Revealed at Makkah: 24 sections, 206 verses)

Section 11 (Verses 7:85–7:93): Shuaib

Translation:

7:85 And to Midian (We sent) their brother Shuaib.1 He said: My people, serve Allah, you have no god other than Him. Clear proof indeed has come to you from your Lord, so give full measure and weight and do not diminish to people their things,2 nor make mischief in the land after its reform. This is better for you, if you are believers.
7:86 Nor lie in wait on every road, threatening and turning away from Allah’s way him who believes in Him and seeking to make it crooked. And remember when you were few, then He multiplied you, and see what was the end of the mischief-makers!
7:87 And if there are some of you who believe in what I am sent with, and others who do not believe, then wait patiently till Allah judges between us; and He is the Best of judges.
Part 97:88 The arrogant chiefs of his people said: We will certainly turn you out, Shuaib, and those who believe with you from our town, or you shall come back to our religion. He said: Even though we dislike (it)?
7:89 Indeed we should have forged a lie against Allah, if we go back to your religion after Allah has deli-vered us from it. And it is not for us to go back to it, unless Allah our Lord please. Our Lord comprehends all things in His knowledge. In Allah do we trust. Our Lord, decide between us and our people with truth, and You are the Best of deciders.
7:90 And the chiefs of his people, who disbelieved, said: If you follow Shuaib, you are surely losers.
7:91 So the earthquake overtook them, and they were motionless bodies in their homes —
7:92 Those who called Shuaib a liar were as though they had never dwelt there — those who called Shuaib a liar, they were the losers.
7:93 So he turned away from them and said: My people, indeed I delivered to you the messages of my Lord and I gave you good advice; how, then, should I be sorry for a disbelieving people?

Commentary:

  1. Shuaib was a descendant of Abraham in the fifth generation. It is generally supposed to be another name for Jethro of the Bible (Exodus, 3:1).
  2. The injunction do not diminish to people their things stands for not depriving or defrauding people of their rights.

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