English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 7: Al-Araf — The Elevated Places (Revealed at Makkah: 24 sections, 206 verses)

Section 24 (Verses 7:189–7:206): The Final Word

Translation:

7:189 He it is Who created you from a single soul, and of the same did He make his mate, that he might find comfort in her. So when he covers her she bears a light burden, then moves about with it. Then when it grows heavy, they both call upon Allah, their Lord: If You give us a good one, we shall certainly be grateful.
7:190 But when He gives them a good one, they set up with Him partners in what He has given them.1 Supremely exalted is Allah above what they set up as partners (with Him).
7:191 Do they set up (with Him) that which has not created anything, while they are themselves created?
7:192 And they cannot give them help, nor can they help themselves.
7:193 And if you invite them to guidance, they will not follow you. It is the same to you whether you invite them or you are silent.2
7:194 Those whom you call on besides Allah are slaves like yourselves; so call on them, then let them answer you, if you are truthful.
7:195 Do they have feet with which they walk, or do they have hands with which they hold, or do they have eyes with which they see, or do they have ears with which they hear? Say: Call upon your associate-gods then plot against me and give me no respite.
7:196 Surely my Friend is Allah, Who revealed the Book, and He befriends the righteous.
7:197 And those whom you call upon besides Him are not able to help you, nor can they help themselves.
7:198 And if you invite them to guidance, they do not hear; and you see them looking towards you, yet they do not see.
7:199 Take to forgiveness and enjoin good and turn away from the ignorant.
7:200 And if a false imputation from the devil afflict you,3 seek refuge in Allah. Surely He is Hearing, Knowing.
7:201 Those who guard against evil, when a visitation from the devil afflicts them, they become mindful, then lo! they see.4
7:202 And their brethren5 increase them in error, then they do not cease.
7:203 And when you do not bring them a sign, they say: Why do you not demand it? Say: I follow only what is revealed to me from my Lord. These are clear proofs from your Lord and a guidance and a mercy for a people who believe.
7:204 And when the Quran is recited, listen to it and remain silent, that mercy may be shown to you.
7:205 And remember your Lord within yourself humbly and fearing, and in a voice not loud, in the morning and the evening, and do not be one of the heedless.
7:206 Surely those who are with your Lord are not too proud to serve Him, and they glorify Him and prostrate themselves before Him.Prostration

Commentary:

  1. This describes the condition of man in general and refers to the evidence of his nature, for when in distress he always turns to Allah, but when in ease he goes after other gods or his own low desires.
  2. Invitation to Truth must be extended to all, though some may not benefit by it. The meaning is further clarified in verses 198–199.
  3. The devil in this case, as frequently in the Quran, stands for the devilish enemies who spread all kinds of false reports concerning the Holy Pro­phet, against which he is told to seek refuge in Allah.
  4. The visitation of the devil means the happening of any grievous inci­dent or the coming of an affliction from the hands of the devil, or the wicked acting in opposition to the righteous. Being endowed with insight, they see their way out of the affliction. The devil’s visitation may also signify anger which blinds a man, and those who guard against evil are not blinded by it.
  5. That is, the brethren of the devils, or the devil’s human associates.

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