English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran (2010)

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Chapter 9: Al-Baraat — The Immunity (Revealed at Madinah: 16 sections, 129 verses)

Introduction:

The name of this chapter (which is also called Al-Taubah or Repentance) refers to the declaration in its opening verses that Muslims were now not subject to their agreements with certain idolatrous Arab tribes who had been constantly breaking them (verses 7–13). The chapter thus first deals with the subject of agreements with them as depending on their adherence to them, and goes on to prophesy the triumph of Islam in Arabia and later in the world. It then refers to the expedition to Tabūk by Muslims undertaken at great sacrifice, and deals with the subject of those who excused themselves and the hypocrites. At the end, Muslims are reminded of the importance of the propagation of Islam and contributing towards it, which was the real object of Islam. This chapter was revealed in 9 A.H. This is the only chapter of the Quran not opening with Bismillāh, “In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful”, as it is, in a sense, a continuation of the last chapter.

List of Sections (Rukus):

  1. Declaration of Immunity (Verses 9:1–9:6)
  2. Reasons for the Immunity (Verses 9:7–9:16)
  3. Idolaters’ Service of the Sacred House (Verses 9:17–9:24)
  4. Islam made Triumphant in Arabia (Verses 9:25–9:29)
  5. Islam will Triumph in the World (Verses 9:30–9:37)
  6. The Tabuk Expedition (Verses 9:38–9:42)
  7. The Hypocrites (Verses 9:43–9:59)
  8. The Hypocrites (Verses 9:60–9:66)
  9. The Hypocrites (Verses 9:67–9:72)
  10. The Hypocrites (Verses 9:73–9:80)
  11. The Hypocrites (Verses 9:81–9:89)
  12. The Hypocrites (Verses 9:90–9:99)
  13. The Hypocrites (Verses 9:100–9:110)
  14. The Faithful (Verses 9:111–9:118)
  15. What the Faithful should Do (Verses 9:119–9:122)
  16. The Prophet’s Great Anxiety (Verses 9:123–9:129)

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